Severe caloric restriction (CR) significantly extends the maximum life-span of rats, and counteracts the age-associated decrease in liver proteasome activities. Since few investigations have explored whether lower CR diets might positively counteract the age associated decrease in proteasome activity, we then investigated the effects of a mild CR regimen on animal life-span, proteasome content and function. In addition, we addressed the question whether both CR regimens might also affect the expression of Hsc70 protein, a constitutive chaperone reported to share a role in the function of proteasome complex and in the repair of proteotoxic damage, and whose level decreased during aging. In contrast to severe CR, mild CR had a poor effect on life-span; however, it better counteracted the decrease of proteasome activities. Both regimens, however, maintain Hsc70 in liver of old rats at level comparable to that of young rats. Interestingly, the effects of aging and CRs on liver proteasome enzyme activities did not appear to be associated with parallel changes in the amount of proteasome proteins suggesting that the quality (molecular activity of the enzymes) rather than the quantity are likely to be modified with age. In conclusion, the results presented in this work show that a mild CR can have beneficial effects on liver function of aging rats because is adequate to counteract the decrease of proteasome function and Hsc70 chaperone level.
|Autori:||BONELLI MA; DESENZANI S; CAVALLINI G; DONATI A; ROMANI AA; BERGAMINI E; BORGHETTI AF|
|Titolo:||Low-level caloric restriction rescues proteasome activity and HSC70 level in liver of aged rats|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|