Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess tubal patency by color Doppler hysterosalpingography (HSG). DESIGN: Comparative study of color Doppler HSG with roentgenogram HSG and chromolaparoscopy in infertile women of childbearing age. SETTING: Clinical environment. PATIENTS: Sixty female patients (22 to 39 years) with long-lasting infertility problems. INTERVENTION: Sterile saline was transcervically injected into the uterine cavity through a catheter and color Doppler HSG was performed. All the patients were submitted to roentgenogram HSG and chromolaparoscopy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The diagnostic efficacy of color Doppler HSG and its concordance with "gold standard" chromolaparoscopy were analyzed. RESULTS: Correlation between color Doppler HSG and roentgenogram HSG with chromolaparoscopy occurred in 86% versus 93% of all women studied. CONCLUSIONS: Color Doppler HSG with its accuracy and safety results a promising alternative technique to roentgenogram HSG in diagnosing tubal status in infertile patients.
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