We report on a large area (15 x 15 min(2)), high channel density (470 pixel/mm(2)), self-triggering CMOS analog chip that we have developed as a pixelized charge collecting electrode of a Micropattern Gas Detector. This device represents a big step for-ward both in terms of size and performance, and is in fact the last version of three generations of custom ASICs of increasing complexity. The top metal layer of the CMOS pixel array is patterned in a matrix of 105,600 hexagonal pixels with a 50 mu m pitch. Each pixel is directly connected to the underlying full electronics chain which has been realized in the remaining five metal and single poly-silicon layers of a 0. 18 mu m VLSI technology. The chip, which has custornizable self-triggering capabilities, also includes a signal pre-processing function for the automatic localization of the event coordinates. Thanks to these advances it is possible to significantly reduce the read-out time and the data volume by limiting the signal output only to those pixels belonging to the region of interest. In addition to the reduced read-out time and data volume, the very small pixel area and the use of a deep sub-micron CMOS technology has allowed bringing the-noise down to 50 electrons ENC. Results from in depth tests of this device when coupled to a fine pitch (50 mu m on a triangular pattern) Gas Electron Multiplier are presented. It was found that matching the read-out and gas amplification pitch allows getting optimal results. The experimental detector response to polarized and unpolarized X-ray radiation when working with two gas mixtures and two different photon energies is shown and the application of this detector for Astronomical X-ray Polarimetry is discussed. Results from a full Monte-Carlo simulation for several galactic and extragalactic astronomical sources are also reported. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier B.V.
|Autori:||R. BELLAZZINI; G. SPANDRE; M. MINUTI; BALDINI L; A. BREZ; F. CAVALCA; L. LATRONICO; N. OMODEI; M.M. MASSAI; C. SGRO; E. COSTA; P. SOFFITTA; F. KRUMMENACHER; R. DE OLIVEIRA|
|Titolo:||Direct reading of charge multipliers with a self-triggering CMOS analog chip with 105 k pixels at 50 mu m pitch|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.nima.2006.07.036|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|