Introduction: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of lung tumours has recently received much attention for the promising results achieved. Herein, we report the 5 years experience of a single referral centre in Europe, with particular reference to the mid-term results. Methods: Between October 2001 and June 2005, we performed 88 RFAs of lung tumours, 9 of which were followed by surgical resection. The remaining 79 RFAs, the object of this paper, were performed to treat 64 lesions in 54 patients: 39 males and 15 females with a mean age of 71.7 years (range of 51-89). All patients had clinical or pathological evidence of the neoplastic lesion, which was non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in 40 cases and a metastasis in 24 cases. The mean size of the lesions was 2.4 cm (range of 1-5). Ten lesions were re-treated from one to as many as four times. The procedure was always performed under local anaesthesia and conscious sedation. A generator of RF with max power output of 200 W was utilised together with a needle with nine deployable electrodes, to achieve a target temperature of 90 degrees C that was maintained for 15-27 min according to the size of the lesions. Results: In all cases, except two, the procedure was technically successful. Morbidity consisted in 10 cases (12.7%) of partial pneumothorax, 1 haematoma of the chest wall and 1 pleural effusion. At a mean follow-up of 23.7 months (range of 6-50) we recorded a 61.9% of complete responses, with a higher rate in the metastatic lesions (70.8%) and in those smaller than 3 cm (69.7%). Mean (median) overall survival and local progression - free interval were 17.3 (28.9) months and 12.9 (24.1) months, respectively. Conclusions: Efficacy of RFA in the mid-term seems to settle at a promising level, with better results for metastatic lesions and, above all, for lesions smaller than 3 cm. Notwithstanding these encouraging results, RFA remains an alternative local therapy only when surgery cannot be performed, especially in NSCLC. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of lung tunours: results in the mid-term

AMBROGI, MARCELLO CARLO;LUCCHI, MARCO;MELFI, FRANCA;FONTANINI, GABRIELLA;FAVIANA, PINUCCIA;MUSSI, ALFREDO
2006

Abstract

Introduction: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of lung tumours has recently received much attention for the promising results achieved. Herein, we report the 5 years experience of a single referral centre in Europe, with particular reference to the mid-term results. Methods: Between October 2001 and June 2005, we performed 88 RFAs of lung tumours, 9 of which were followed by surgical resection. The remaining 79 RFAs, the object of this paper, were performed to treat 64 lesions in 54 patients: 39 males and 15 females with a mean age of 71.7 years (range of 51-89). All patients had clinical or pathological evidence of the neoplastic lesion, which was non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in 40 cases and a metastasis in 24 cases. The mean size of the lesions was 2.4 cm (range of 1-5). Ten lesions were re-treated from one to as many as four times. The procedure was always performed under local anaesthesia and conscious sedation. A generator of RF with max power output of 200 W was utilised together with a needle with nine deployable electrodes, to achieve a target temperature of 90 degrees C that was maintained for 15-27 min according to the size of the lesions. Results: In all cases, except two, the procedure was technically successful. Morbidity consisted in 10 cases (12.7%) of partial pneumothorax, 1 haematoma of the chest wall and 1 pleural effusion. At a mean follow-up of 23.7 months (range of 6-50) we recorded a 61.9% of complete responses, with a higher rate in the metastatic lesions (70.8%) and in those smaller than 3 cm (69.7%). Mean (median) overall survival and local progression - free interval were 17.3 (28.9) months and 12.9 (24.1) months, respectively. Conclusions: Efficacy of RFA in the mid-term seems to settle at a promising level, with better results for metastatic lesions and, above all, for lesions smaller than 3 cm. Notwithstanding these encouraging results, RFA remains an alternative local therapy only when surgery cannot be performed, especially in NSCLC. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Ambrogi, MARCELLO CARLO; Lucchi, Marco; P., Dini; Melfi, Franca; Fontanini, Gabriella; Faviana, Pinuccia; O., Fanucchi; Mussi, Alfredo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/203286
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