A collection of clinical isolates including 9 Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), 37 M. bovis and 1 isolate identified as M. bovis/caprae intermediate, recovered from humans in Tuscany, Italy, from 1990 to 2009, was genotyped by spoligotyping and Variable Number Tandem Repeat (VNTR) typing. Spoligotyping detected 15 unique profiles; the "BCG-like" SIT482/SB0120 spoligotype was largely prevalent accounting for 63.8% of isolates. VNTR typing, based on the 15 VNTR loci commonly tested for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, detected 29 unique profiles; only 8 VNTR loci (VNTR 43, MIRU 04, QUB-11b, ETR-A, VNTR 47, MIRU 31, QUB-26 and VNTR 53) provided a satisfactory allelic diversity in the VNTR analysis. Combined together, spoligotyping and VNTR typing yielded 33 unique patterns and 5 clusters including a total of 19 isolates. Clustered isolates, further typed for additional 9 VNTR loci, finally yielded 3 distinct clusters including 3 M. bovis BCG isolates each, and 1 cluster of 6 M. bovis isolates. Minimum spanning tree analysis showed that, in spite of the many distinct VNTR profiles, most M. bovis isolates displayed a high phylogenetic proximity, due to the variation of a single VNTR allele, thus indicating that the population of human M. bovis isolates in our setting is relatively homogeneous and conserved.

Genetic diversity of human isolates of Mycobacterium bovis assessed by Spoligotyping and Variable-Number-Tandem-Repeat genotyping

GARZELLI, CARLO;RINDI, LAURA;
2011

Abstract

A collection of clinical isolates including 9 Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), 37 M. bovis and 1 isolate identified as M. bovis/caprae intermediate, recovered from humans in Tuscany, Italy, from 1990 to 2009, was genotyped by spoligotyping and Variable Number Tandem Repeat (VNTR) typing. Spoligotyping detected 15 unique profiles; the "BCG-like" SIT482/SB0120 spoligotype was largely prevalent accounting for 63.8% of isolates. VNTR typing, based on the 15 VNTR loci commonly tested for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, detected 29 unique profiles; only 8 VNTR loci (VNTR 43, MIRU 04, QUB-11b, ETR-A, VNTR 47, MIRU 31, QUB-26 and VNTR 53) provided a satisfactory allelic diversity in the VNTR analysis. Combined together, spoligotyping and VNTR typing yielded 33 unique patterns and 5 clusters including a total of 19 isolates. Clustered isolates, further typed for additional 9 VNTR loci, finally yielded 3 distinct clusters including 3 M. bovis BCG isolates each, and 1 cluster of 6 M. bovis isolates. Minimum spanning tree analysis showed that, in spite of the many distinct VNTR profiles, most M. bovis isolates displayed a high phylogenetic proximity, due to the variation of a single VNTR allele, thus indicating that the population of human M. bovis isolates in our setting is relatively homogeneous and conserved.
Garzelli, Carlo; Bimbi, N; Rindi, Laura; Tortoli, E; Garzelli, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/203441
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