BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate (BP)-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an unpredictable, debilitating adverse effect. Recently, genetic polymorphisms have arisen as promising tools to identify patients with a higher risk of drug-related adverse events. AIM: We aimed to examine the association between the aromatase polymorphism g.132810C>T, and the estrogen receptor polymorphisms g.156705T>C and g.156751A>G, and the risk of BP-related ONJ. METHODS: Eighty-three subjects were included in the study. A clinical and radiological examination was conducted on oncologic subjects treated with zoledronic acid. Subjects with histologically confirmed ONJ were included in the test group (n = 30) whereas subjects with good oral health were included in control group (n = 53). Aromatase and estrogen receptor polymorphisms from blood samples were analyzed. RESULTS: The aromatase g.132810C>T polymorphism displayed an over-representation of the TT genotype in the test group (36.67 vs 16.98%; p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in either estrogen receptor polymorphism genotype frequency between the test and control groups. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a role for the g.132810C>T polymorphism in predicting ONJ risk. These results can pave the way to the personalization of BP therapy, based on individual genotype.

An aromatase polymorphism (g.132810C>T) predicts risk of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw

PAOLICCHI, ELISA;CEI, SILVIA;GRAZIANI, FILIPPO;GABRIELE, MARIO;DANESI, ROMANO
2012

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate (BP)-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an unpredictable, debilitating adverse effect. Recently, genetic polymorphisms have arisen as promising tools to identify patients with a higher risk of drug-related adverse events. AIM: We aimed to examine the association between the aromatase polymorphism g.132810C>T, and the estrogen receptor polymorphisms g.156705T>C and g.156751A>G, and the risk of BP-related ONJ. METHODS: Eighty-three subjects were included in the study. A clinical and radiological examination was conducted on oncologic subjects treated with zoledronic acid. Subjects with histologically confirmed ONJ were included in the test group (n = 30) whereas subjects with good oral health were included in control group (n = 53). Aromatase and estrogen receptor polymorphisms from blood samples were analyzed. RESULTS: The aromatase g.132810C>T polymorphism displayed an over-representation of the TT genotype in the test group (36.67 vs 16.98%; p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in either estrogen receptor polymorphism genotype frequency between the test and control groups. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a role for the g.132810C>T polymorphism in predicting ONJ risk. These results can pave the way to the personalization of BP therapy, based on individual genotype.
La Ferla, F; Paolicchi, Elisa; Crea, F; Cei, Silvia; Graziani, Filippo; Gabriele, Mario; Danesi, Romano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/203482
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