Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) has been rarely reported in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF type 1) and literature data concerning its pathogenesis are lacking. We report a patient affected by NF type 1, who several years later developed Cogan's syndrome, with a quickly progressive bilateral SNHL, leading to total deafness. Cochlear implantation was carried out in a partially ossified cochlea, with a good outcome. On the basis of our findings, we underscore the importance of comprehensive evaluation of patients with NF type 1 who develop SNHL, to accurately evaluate the pathogenesis of the hearing loss and explore other possible causes of hearing impairment especially with the emergence of new symptoms. If a retrocochlear lesion is excluded, a cochlear implantation is a viable option for those NF type 1 patients who develop a severe to profound SNHL. We also highlight the importance of a prompt and accurate radiological study of the petrous bone in patients with Cogan's syndrome considered for cochlear implantation, in order to plan a proper surgical approach and the importance of a thorough post-implant medical follow up.

A rare association between Neurofibromatosis type I and Cogan Syndrome: case report

Forli F;NERI, EMANUELE;BERRETTINI, STEFANO
2009

Abstract

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) has been rarely reported in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF type 1) and literature data concerning its pathogenesis are lacking. We report a patient affected by NF type 1, who several years later developed Cogan's syndrome, with a quickly progressive bilateral SNHL, leading to total deafness. Cochlear implantation was carried out in a partially ossified cochlea, with a good outcome. On the basis of our findings, we underscore the importance of comprehensive evaluation of patients with NF type 1 who develop SNHL, to accurately evaluate the pathogenesis of the hearing loss and explore other possible causes of hearing impairment especially with the emergence of new symptoms. If a retrocochlear lesion is excluded, a cochlear implantation is a viable option for those NF type 1 patients who develop a severe to profound SNHL. We also highlight the importance of a prompt and accurate radiological study of the petrous bone in patients with Cogan's syndrome considered for cochlear implantation, in order to plan a proper surgical approach and the importance of a thorough post-implant medical follow up.
Forli, F; Passetti, S; Neri, Emanuele; Gianfelice, D; Berrettini, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/203583
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