Background: Intimate links connect tissue factor (TF), the principal initiator of the clotting cascade, to inflammation, a cross-talk amplified by locally generated Angiotensin (ANG) II, the effector arm of the Renin Angiotensin System (RAS). The RAS, in turn, plays a pathophysiological role in diabetes, a proinflammatory state to which elevated glucose, the disease hallmark, contributes by activating key signalling pathways and increasing the cellular content of RAS components. Aims: To evaluate the effect of high glucose concentrations on TF antigen (Ag) expression and procoagulant activity (PCA) in lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-primed human mononuclear cell(MNC)s and to test whether pharmacological RAS blockade modifies that pattern. Methods: LPS-activated MNCs exposed to increasing D-glucose (from 5.5 to 50 mM) in absence or presence of aliskiren, a renin inhibitor, zofenopril, an ANG converting enzyme inhibitor, and olmesartan, an ANGII type I receptor blocker. PCA was assessed by one-stage clotting assay and TF antigen expression by ELISA. Results: Increasing ambient glucose (range 5.5-50 mM) potentiated LPS-induced PCA and TF Ag expression. Aliskiren, zofenopril and olmesartan downregulated those responses but the efficacy of the former decreased by ascending drug concentration while both zofenopril and olmesartan showed an opposite behaviour. TF Ag expression modulation by RAS blockade was stronger in 50 than 5 mM ambient glucose. Conclusions: High glucose potentiates the procoagulant action of LPS in human MNCs and RAS blockers downregulate that response possibly as a reflection of the underlying involvement of the system in that mechanism

High glucose potentiates and renin-angiotensin blockade downregulates LPS-induced tissue factor expression in human mononuclear cells.

CELI, ALESSANDRO;PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO
2012

Abstract

Background: Intimate links connect tissue factor (TF), the principal initiator of the clotting cascade, to inflammation, a cross-talk amplified by locally generated Angiotensin (ANG) II, the effector arm of the Renin Angiotensin System (RAS). The RAS, in turn, plays a pathophysiological role in diabetes, a proinflammatory state to which elevated glucose, the disease hallmark, contributes by activating key signalling pathways and increasing the cellular content of RAS components. Aims: To evaluate the effect of high glucose concentrations on TF antigen (Ag) expression and procoagulant activity (PCA) in lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-primed human mononuclear cell(MNC)s and to test whether pharmacological RAS blockade modifies that pattern. Methods: LPS-activated MNCs exposed to increasing D-glucose (from 5.5 to 50 mM) in absence or presence of aliskiren, a renin inhibitor, zofenopril, an ANG converting enzyme inhibitor, and olmesartan, an ANGII type I receptor blocker. PCA was assessed by one-stage clotting assay and TF antigen expression by ELISA. Results: Increasing ambient glucose (range 5.5-50 mM) potentiated LPS-induced PCA and TF Ag expression. Aliskiren, zofenopril and olmesartan downregulated those responses but the efficacy of the former decreased by ascending drug concentration while both zofenopril and olmesartan showed an opposite behaviour. TF Ag expression modulation by RAS blockade was stronger in 50 than 5 mM ambient glucose. Conclusions: High glucose potentiates the procoagulant action of LPS in human MNCs and RAS blockers downregulate that response possibly as a reflection of the underlying involvement of the system in that mechanism
Balia, C; Cordazzo, C; Petrini, S; Cianchetti, S; Neri, T; Celi, Alessandro; Pedrinelli, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/203749
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