Background: Low molecular weight (LMW) proteins have been proposed for renal function assessment. This study aimed to ascertain the usefulness of tumor-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI), a LMW protein (6.200 d), as a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) marker. The results were compared with those of beta2-microglobulin and of creatinine (Cr). Methods: Renal handling of TATI labelled with I-125 was first studied in rats. Then, in 198 patients, serum TATI levels and GFR (Tc-99m-DTPA clearance, bladder cumulative method) were determined. To evaluate urine excretion, the fractional TATI clearance was determined in 63 patients. Results: In rats, total body scan showed a large amount of radioactivity in the kidneys, but not in other organs. The duration of radioactivity demonstrated a peak-time of I I min. In human beings, the relationship between TATI and GFR was similar to that of beta2-microglobulin and Cr. The increase in TATI with declining renal function was statistically significant, vs. patients with GFR >100 mL/min, already in the group with GFR 80-100 mL/min (p<0.05, Bonferroni-Dunn test). The beta2-microglobulin increase was significant in the group with GFR 60-80 mL/min and of Cr in the group with GFR 40-60 mL/min. In patients with renal failure (GFR <20 mL/min) TATI increased, vs. patients with GFR >100 mL/min, 13x, beta2-microglobulin 8x and Cr 5x. Urinary excretion of TATI, expressed as fractional clearance, was very low increasing when GFR fell <40 mL/min. Conclusions: The kidney plays an important role in the handling of TATI. When GFR fell, the increase in blood levels of TATI was sooner and higher than that of beta2-microglobulin and CR. Consequently, TATI can be added to the group of renal function markers.
|Autori:||TRAMONTI G; FERDEGHINI M; ANNICHIARICO C; DONADIO C; NORPOTH M; MANTUANO E; BIANCHI C|
|Titolo:||Assessment of tumor-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI) as a marker of renal function|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|