We consider the uplink of a direct-sequence code-division multiple-access system operating over a multipath fading channel, and we aim at estimating the propagation delay and the frequency offset of a new user entering the network. The joint estimation of these parameters is investigated using a weighted-least-squares approach. The exact solution turns out to be too complex for practical purposes, as it involves a numerical search over a bidimensional domain. As an alternative, we propose a suboptimal procedure, in which the propagation delay is first computed with a monodimensional search and then is exploited to derive the frequency offset in closed form. Both data-aided and nondata-aided estimation methods are considered. The proposed synchronizers have a reasonable complexity and are suited for third-generation cellular systems. Their performance is assessed by simulation in a scenario inspired by the specifications of the frequency-division duplexing component of the Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems standard. It is found that they provide accurate estimates and are useful even in applications over rapidly varying channels.

Frequency Estimation and Timing Acquisition in the Uplink of a DS-CDMA System

D'AMICO, ANTONIO ALBERTO;MORELLI, MICHELE
2004-01-01

Abstract

We consider the uplink of a direct-sequence code-division multiple-access system operating over a multipath fading channel, and we aim at estimating the propagation delay and the frequency offset of a new user entering the network. The joint estimation of these parameters is investigated using a weighted-least-squares approach. The exact solution turns out to be too complex for practical purposes, as it involves a numerical search over a bidimensional domain. As an alternative, we propose a suboptimal procedure, in which the propagation delay is first computed with a monodimensional search and then is exploited to derive the frequency offset in closed form. Both data-aided and nondata-aided estimation methods are considered. The proposed synchronizers have a reasonable complexity and are suited for third-generation cellular systems. Their performance is assessed by simulation in a scenario inspired by the specifications of the frequency-division duplexing component of the Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems standard. It is found that they provide accurate estimates and are useful even in applications over rapidly varying channels.
D'Amico, ANTONIO ALBERTO; Morelli, Michele
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/203865
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact