OBJECTIVE: To assess muscle strength in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) using neuromuscular scales and isokinetic testing. METHODS: Muscle function was evaluated in 27 IIM patients being followed at the Rheumatology Unit of the University of Pisa using: (i) a modified version of the grading system used to assess Duchenne dystrophy, (ii) the four-stage grading system of Henriksson and Sandstedt, (iii) an isokinetic muscle strength test (Kin Com, Chatanooga) and (iv) the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). RESULTS: The neuromuscular scales showed normal or only mildly impaired muscle strength in 60% (Duchenne scale) and 80% (Henriksson and Sandstedt scale) of the patients, respectively, whereas isokinetic testing detected moderate to severe reductions in muscle strength in almost 70% of the patients. No correlations were observed between muscle strength and disease activity, therapy, age at evaluation and disease duration. There was a correlation between the results of the HAQ and neuromuscular testing, but not the isokinetic test. CONCLUSIONS: Although less easy and more expensive to administer, isokinetic testing appears to be a more sensitive instrument than the standard neuromuscular tests for assessing muscle function in IIM patients. In particular, it can detect small reductions in muscle strength.

Functional and isokinetic assessment of muscle strenght in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies

MOSCA, MARTA;BOMBARDIERI, STEFANO
2006

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess muscle strength in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) using neuromuscular scales and isokinetic testing. METHODS: Muscle function was evaluated in 27 IIM patients being followed at the Rheumatology Unit of the University of Pisa using: (i) a modified version of the grading system used to assess Duchenne dystrophy, (ii) the four-stage grading system of Henriksson and Sandstedt, (iii) an isokinetic muscle strength test (Kin Com, Chatanooga) and (iv) the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). RESULTS: The neuromuscular scales showed normal or only mildly impaired muscle strength in 60% (Duchenne scale) and 80% (Henriksson and Sandstedt scale) of the patients, respectively, whereas isokinetic testing detected moderate to severe reductions in muscle strength in almost 70% of the patients. No correlations were observed between muscle strength and disease activity, therapy, age at evaluation and disease duration. There was a correlation between the results of the HAQ and neuromuscular testing, but not the isokinetic test. CONCLUSIONS: Although less easy and more expensive to administer, isokinetic testing appears to be a more sensitive instrument than the standard neuromuscular tests for assessing muscle function in IIM patients. In particular, it can detect small reductions in muscle strength.
Neri, R; Mosca, Marta; Stampacchia, G; Vesprini, E; Tavoni, A; D'Ascanio, A; Bombardieri, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/203947
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