Tachykinin TK. peptides, which include substance P, neurokinin A, two neurokinin A-related peptides and neurokinin B, are widely present in the nervous system, including the retina, where they act as neurotransmittersrmodulators as well as growth factors. In the present study, we investigated the maturation of TK-immunoreactive IR. cells in the rabbit retina with the aim of further contributing to the knowledge of the development of transmitter-identified retinal cell populations. In the adult retina, the pattern of TK immunostaining is consistent with the presence of TK peptides in amacrine, displaced amacrine, interplexiform and ganglion cells. In the newborn retina, intensely immunostained TK-IR somata are located in the ganglion cell layer GCL. and in the inner nuclear layer INL. adjacent to the inner plexiform layer IPL.. They are characterized by an oval-shaped cell body originating a single process without ramifications. TK-IR processes are occasionally observed in the IPL and in the outer plexiform layer OPL.. Long TK-IR fiber bundles are observed in the ganglion cell axon layer. TK-IR profiles resembling small somata are rarely observed in the INL adjacent to the OPL. At postnatal day PND. 2, some TK-IR cells display more complex morphologic features, including processes with secondary ramifications. Long TK-IR processes in the IPL are often seen to terminate with growth cones. Between PND 6 and PND 11 eye opening., there is a dramatic increase in the number of immunolabeled processes with growth cones both in the IPL and in the OPL and the mature lamination of TK-IR fibers in laminae 1, 3 and 5 of the IPL is established. TK-IR cells attain mature morphological characteristics and the rare, putative TK-IR somata in the distal INL are no longer observed. After eye opening, growth cones are not present and the pattern typical of the adult is reached. These observations indicate that the development of TK-IR cells can be divided into an early phase from birth to PND 6. in which these cells establish their morphological characteristics, and a later phase from PND 6 to eye opening. in which they are involved in active growth of their processes and likely in synapse formation. Since TK peptides are thought to play neurotrophic actions in the developing nervous system and they are consistently present in the retina throughout postnatal development, they may also act as growth factors during retinal maturation.
|Autori:||CASINI G; TRASARTI L.; ANDOLFI L.; BAGNOLI P.|
|Titolo:||Morphologic maturation of tachykinin peptide-expressing cells in the postnatal rabbit retina|
|Anno del prodotto:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0165-3806(96)00206-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|