Pilocarpine (Pi), a widely used anti-glaucoma drug, is characterized by a very low bioavailability, due to poor corneal penetration and extensive precorneal loss. Purpose of the present study was the preparation and 'in vivo' evaluation of a series of liquid formulations containing salts (or ionic complexes) of Pi with soluble polyanionic polymers of natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic origin. It was speculated that since to some of the polymers have been attributed muco-adhesive properties, they might favour the preocular retention of the ionically bound drug, and enhance its bioavailability. The polymers submitted to investigation were a) hyaluronic acid (HA); b) poly-(galacturonic acid) (PGA); c) Mesoglycan (MG, a complex mixture of mucopolysaccharides); d) Carboxymethylchitin (CMCh) and e) two poly(acrylic acids) of different molecular weight (PAA1 and PAA2). Aqueous solutions of the Pi polymer salts, each containing 1.53% w/w Pi base (equivalent to 2.0% Pi nitrate) were tested for miotic activity in albino rabbits, using as reference an aqueous, 2% solution of Pi nitrate, either as such or viscosized with 1.5 and 5.0% poly(vinyl alcohol), (PVA). All polymeric solutions enhanced, in some cases to a statistically significant extent, the bioavailability of the drug with respect to the reference solutions. The relevance of viscosity effects, and of possible muco-adhesive phenomena to the bioavailability of Pi from the salt-vehicles are discussed.
|Autori:||M.F. SAETTONE; MONTI D; M.T. TORRACCA; P. CHETONI; B. GIANNACCINI|
|Titolo:||Mucoadhesive liquid ophthalmic vehicles - Evaluation of macromolecular ionic complexes of pilocarpine|
|Anno del prodotto:||1989|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3109/03639048909052542|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|