OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of circadian behavior of blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and autonomic function on QTc interval duration in untreated hypertensive patients. DESIGN: Hypertensive patients underwent simultaneous blood pressure and ECG 24-h ambulatory monitoring. Patients were classified into two groups on the basis of a lack of nocturnal fall in blood pressure, as dippers and nondippers. A group of normotensive healthy subjects was studied as controls. METHODS: QT and QTc intervals were automatically computed and spectral analysis was applied to RR interval time series from the same electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was computed by echocardiogram. RESULTS: No difference among the three groups was found concerning mean values and circadian pattern of heart rate; by contrast, QTc was significantly longer in nondippers compared to dippers or to normotensive subjects, particularly at night-time, whereas all groups exhibited similar circadian variations in heart rate. Compared to dippers, nondippers showed significantly higher LVMI, which positively correlated with QTc, and parasympathetic withdrawal, which negatively correlated with QTc. CONCLUSIONS: Nondippers show a prolonged ventricular repolarization throughout the 24-h period, absent either in dippers or normotensives. The association of left ventricular hypertrophy and vagal deactivation may lead to prolongation of QTc, potentially facilitating ventricular arrhythmias in nondipper hypertensive patients.

Ventricular repolarization is prolonged in nondipper hypertensive patients: role of autonomic dysfunction and left ventricular hypetrophy

MAGAGNA, ARMANDO;PALOMBO, CARLO;
2003

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of circadian behavior of blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and autonomic function on QTc interval duration in untreated hypertensive patients. DESIGN: Hypertensive patients underwent simultaneous blood pressure and ECG 24-h ambulatory monitoring. Patients were classified into two groups on the basis of a lack of nocturnal fall in blood pressure, as dippers and nondippers. A group of normotensive healthy subjects was studied as controls. METHODS: QT and QTc intervals were automatically computed and spectral analysis was applied to RR interval time series from the same electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was computed by echocardiogram. RESULTS: No difference among the three groups was found concerning mean values and circadian pattern of heart rate; by contrast, QTc was significantly longer in nondippers compared to dippers or to normotensive subjects, particularly at night-time, whereas all groups exhibited similar circadian variations in heart rate. Compared to dippers, nondippers showed significantly higher LVMI, which positively correlated with QTc, and parasympathetic withdrawal, which negatively correlated with QTc. CONCLUSIONS: Nondippers show a prolonged ventricular repolarization throughout the 24-h period, absent either in dippers or normotensives. The association of left ventricular hypertrophy and vagal deactivation may lead to prolongation of QTc, potentially facilitating ventricular arrhythmias in nondipper hypertensive patients.
Passino, C.; Magagna, Armando; Conforti, F.; Buralli, S.; Kozàkovà, M.; Palombo, Carlo; Emdin, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/204443
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