INTRODUTION:: The success and effectiveness of a day surgery model are essentially related to a good postoperative course with a rapid recovery. Adequate management of analgesia during the hospital stay and after discharge becomes mandatory in reducing postoperative patient discomfort, and in facilitating discharge to home. BACKGROUND:: The aim of this study was to identify the efficacy of preoperative visual analog scale (VAS) score in predicting postoperative pain and analgesic drugs consumption. The hypothesis of a significant relation between preoperative pain and postoperative pain tolerance thresholds was tested using Spearman rank-order correlations, applied to patients scheduled for thyroidectomy in a Day Surgery Unit. METHODS:: Patients scheduled for total thyroidectomy underwent a preoperative pain test to assess the VAS value after a fixed stimulus (inflation of a sphygmomanometer with a pressure of 250 mm Hg). To estimate the power of the VAS in prediction of the postoperative analgesic requests, we divided the patients into 3 groups according to the preoperative VAS values (A group, including all patients with preoperative VAS≤3; B group including patients with preoperative VAS>3≤6; C group with preoperative VAS>6).Then we correlated preoperative results with postoperative VAS values and postoperative analgesic drug consumption, analyzing the correlation between the sensitivity and the specificity of the VAS test for a range of different cutoff values. RESULTS:: Thirty-two patients were included. A group (10 patients) showed a medium postoperative VAS<4, and required less analgesics than other groups (ketorolac, 51 mg). B group (10 patients) and C group (12 patients) showed higher postoperative VAS value and required more analgesic drug (B, 80 mg; C, 90 mg+1 g acetaminophen). Using the receiver operating characteristic or relative operating characteristic examination and calculating the underlying area , we could measure the discriminating ability of the test and found that the best VAS score cutoff was 3. CONCLUSION:: The use of a preoperative test to assess individual pain threshold may be predictive for postoperative pain and analgesic request. The mathematical and statistical model used in this study confirms that a difference in the value of VAS of 3 shall be mathematically eligible for analgesia treatment.

Evaluation of a Preoperative Pain Score in Response to Pressure as a Marker of Postoperative Pain and Drugs Consumption in Surgical Thyroidectomy

MATERAZZI, GABRIELE;GIUNTA, FRANCESCO;MICCOLI, PAOLO
2011

Abstract

INTRODUTION:: The success and effectiveness of a day surgery model are essentially related to a good postoperative course with a rapid recovery. Adequate management of analgesia during the hospital stay and after discharge becomes mandatory in reducing postoperative patient discomfort, and in facilitating discharge to home. BACKGROUND:: The aim of this study was to identify the efficacy of preoperative visual analog scale (VAS) score in predicting postoperative pain and analgesic drugs consumption. The hypothesis of a significant relation between preoperative pain and postoperative pain tolerance thresholds was tested using Spearman rank-order correlations, applied to patients scheduled for thyroidectomy in a Day Surgery Unit. METHODS:: Patients scheduled for total thyroidectomy underwent a preoperative pain test to assess the VAS value after a fixed stimulus (inflation of a sphygmomanometer with a pressure of 250 mm Hg). To estimate the power of the VAS in prediction of the postoperative analgesic requests, we divided the patients into 3 groups according to the preoperative VAS values (A group, including all patients with preoperative VAS≤3; B group including patients with preoperative VAS>3≤6; C group with preoperative VAS>6).Then we correlated preoperative results with postoperative VAS values and postoperative analgesic drug consumption, analyzing the correlation between the sensitivity and the specificity of the VAS test for a range of different cutoff values. RESULTS:: Thirty-two patients were included. A group (10 patients) showed a medium postoperative VAS<4, and required less analgesics than other groups (ketorolac, 51 mg). B group (10 patients) and C group (12 patients) showed higher postoperative VAS value and required more analgesic drug (B, 80 mg; C, 90 mg+1 g acetaminophen). Using the receiver operating characteristic or relative operating characteristic examination and calculating the underlying area , we could measure the discriminating ability of the test and found that the best VAS score cutoff was 3. CONCLUSION:: The use of a preoperative test to assess individual pain threshold may be predictive for postoperative pain and analgesic request. The mathematical and statistical model used in this study confirms that a difference in the value of VAS of 3 shall be mathematically eligible for analgesia treatment.
Rocco, Rago; Forfori, Francesco; Materazzi, Gabriele; Antonio, Abramo; Michele, Collareta; Giunta, Francesco; Miccoli, Paolo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/204622
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact