To confirm the presence of alpha 2-mediated vasoconstriction in human vasculature, the effect of selective alpha 1- and alpha 2-agonists (methoxamine and B-HT 933) and antagonists (indoramin and Yohimbine) was studied in fourteen patients with mild, uncomplicated, essential hypertension. Drugs were infused, into the brachial artery at systemically ineffective rates, and concomitant changes in forearm blood flow were measured by strain gauge venous plethysmography. During control conditions, cumulative infusions either of methoxamine or B-HT 933 caused dose-related vasoconstriction, while both indoramin and yohimbine doubled forearm blood flow. Subsequently, the alpha 1-adrenoceptor mediated vasoconstriction produced by methoxamine was shown to be completely blocked by indoramin pretreatment, and to be left unchanged by yohimbine. The alpha 2-vascular stimulation by B-HT 933 was antagonized by previous yohimbine but not by indoramin pretreatment, thus fulfilling the pharmacological requirements for identification of distinct alpha-adrenoceptor mediated excitation-contraction pathways. The data provide further evidence of the existence of alpha 2-mediated vasoconstriction in human forearm vessels.

Further evidence for the existence of alpha 2-mediated adrenergic vasoconstriction in human vessels.

TADDEI, STEFANO;SALVETTI, ANTONIO;PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO
1988

Abstract

To confirm the presence of alpha 2-mediated vasoconstriction in human vasculature, the effect of selective alpha 1- and alpha 2-agonists (methoxamine and B-HT 933) and antagonists (indoramin and Yohimbine) was studied in fourteen patients with mild, uncomplicated, essential hypertension. Drugs were infused, into the brachial artery at systemically ineffective rates, and concomitant changes in forearm blood flow were measured by strain gauge venous plethysmography. During control conditions, cumulative infusions either of methoxamine or B-HT 933 caused dose-related vasoconstriction, while both indoramin and yohimbine doubled forearm blood flow. Subsequently, the alpha 1-adrenoceptor mediated vasoconstriction produced by methoxamine was shown to be completely blocked by indoramin pretreatment, and to be left unchanged by yohimbine. The alpha 2-vascular stimulation by B-HT 933 was antagonized by previous yohimbine but not by indoramin pretreatment, thus fulfilling the pharmacological requirements for identification of distinct alpha-adrenoceptor mediated excitation-contraction pathways. The data provide further evidence of the existence of alpha 2-mediated vasoconstriction in human forearm vessels.
Taddei, Stefano; Salvetti, Antonio; Pedrinelli, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/204655
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