The effect of suramin on testosterone production was evaluated in cancer patients, adult male rats, rat Leydig cells, and NCI-H295 human adrenal cancer cells. Testosterone plasma levels markedly decreased in 14 patients receiving suramin as a therapy for refractory cancer, and in 8 of them, the plasma LH and/or FSH levels increased beyond the normal range. The hCG stimulation test (5000 IU, im) was performed in 8 patients and induced an average 2.1-fold increase in testosterone levels over baseline values. Testicular histology after suramin treatment was available in 1 patient who died of progressive disease; this revealed atrophy of seminiferous tubules and reduced Leydig cells in the interstitium. A significant reduction in plasma testosterone was also observed in rats given 18 mg/kg suramin, ip, twice weekly for 8 weeks, whereas plasma LH and FSH levels did not change significantly. Cytohistochemistry of testes from suramin-treated rats showed a reduced number of SP-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-positive cells within the interstitium compared to controls, and light microscopy revealed severe impairment of spermatogenesis. Suramin inhibited the production of testosterone by isolated rat Leydig cells as well as the conversion of pregnenolone to progesterone by the 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme extracted from rat testes, with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50 values) of 108.2 and 87.5 mu g/mL, respectively. Furthermore, suramin reduced the release of testosterone into the culture medium of NCI-H295 adrenal cancer cells with IC50 values of 91.2 and 83.9 mu g/mL, after 6 and 12 days, respectively. These data provide the first evidence in patients that suramin treatment produces a marked reduction in the circulating levels of testosterone, a result that was also obtained in experimental models.
|Autori:||Danesi R; La Rocca RV; Cooper MR; Ricciardi M P; Pellegrini A; Soldani P; Kragel PJ; Paparelli A; Del Tacca M; Myers CE|
|Titolo:||Clinical and experimental evidence of inhibition of testosterone production by suramin|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/jc.81.6.2238|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|