Spontaneous growth hormone (GH) secretion in 116 short children was studied by sampling blood for GH measurement every 20 min over 24 h. We calculated 24-h mean GH concentration (MGHC), diurnal 12-h MGHC (dMGHC) and nocturnal 12-h MGHC (nMGHC). The children were subdivided into four groups: prepubertal children with 'classical' GH deficiency (group 1, n = 12, low responses to two provocative stimuli tests and MGHC < 3 ng/ml), prepubertal children with 'nonclassical' GH deficiency (group 2, n = 36, normal GH responses to two provocative tests and MGHC < 3 ng/ml), short normal children (normal GH responses to two provocative tests and MGHC > 3 ng/ml) at stage P1 of puberty (group 3, n = 41) and at stage P2 of puberty (group 4, n = 27). The values of MGHC, dMGHC and nMGHC were significantly higher in groups 3 and 4 than in groups 1 and 2, and in group 4 than in group 3. The values of MGHC and nMGHC were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1. MGHC correlated highly with nMGHC and dMGHC (r = 0.97 and 0.94, respectively; p < 0.001). On the basis of regression equations between MGHC and nMGHC or dMGHC, the study of the diagnostic accuracy showed values higher for nMGHC than for dMGHC: 94.1 vs. 89.6% for sensitivity, and 93.7 vs. 89.7% for specificity, respectively.

Evaluation of 24-hour growth-hormone spontaneous secretion - comparison with a nocturnal and diurnal 12-hour study

SAGGESE, GIUSEPPE;
1991

Abstract

Spontaneous growth hormone (GH) secretion in 116 short children was studied by sampling blood for GH measurement every 20 min over 24 h. We calculated 24-h mean GH concentration (MGHC), diurnal 12-h MGHC (dMGHC) and nocturnal 12-h MGHC (nMGHC). The children were subdivided into four groups: prepubertal children with 'classical' GH deficiency (group 1, n = 12, low responses to two provocative stimuli tests and MGHC < 3 ng/ml), prepubertal children with 'nonclassical' GH deficiency (group 2, n = 36, normal GH responses to two provocative tests and MGHC < 3 ng/ml), short normal children (normal GH responses to two provocative tests and MGHC > 3 ng/ml) at stage P1 of puberty (group 3, n = 41) and at stage P2 of puberty (group 4, n = 27). The values of MGHC, dMGHC and nMGHC were significantly higher in groups 3 and 4 than in groups 1 and 2, and in group 4 than in group 3. The values of MGHC and nMGHC were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1. MGHC correlated highly with nMGHC and dMGHC (r = 0.97 and 0.94, respectively; p < 0.001). On the basis of regression equations between MGHC and nMGHC or dMGHC, the study of the diagnostic accuracy showed values higher for nMGHC than for dMGHC: 94.1 vs. 89.6% for sensitivity, and 93.7 vs. 89.7% for specificity, respectively.
Saggese, Giuseppe; Cesaretti, G; Cinquanta, L; Giannessi, N; Bracaloni, C; Dispigno, G; Cioni, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/20478
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