We assessed myocardial reflectivity pattern in a large spectrum of left ventricular mass values, covering the extremes from absent to severe myocardial hypertensive hypertrophy. Quantitatively assessed ultrasonic backscatter is an index of ultrasonic tissue characterization directly related to the morphometrically evaluated collagen content in humans. We enrolled 88 essential hypertensives. With an echo prototype implemented in our Institute, integrated values of the radiofrequency signal of myocardial walls were obtained and normalized for those of the pericardium (Integrated Backscatter Index, IBI, %). Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was measured by Devereux formula. There was a weak correlation between septal IBI and LVMI (r = 0.35; P < .001). On the basis of LVMI values, three groups of hypertensives were identified, with absent (Group I, n = 23; LVMI < 125 g/m2), mild to moderate (Group II, n = 44; LVMI from 125 to 174 g/m2), or severe (Group III, n = 21; LVMI > 175 g/m2) left ventricular hypertrophy. The Integrated Backscatter Index in the septum was lower in patients of Group I (IBI = 23.3% +/- 3.6%) and II (IBI = 26.5 +/- 7.6; P = NS v Group I), in comparison with patients of Group III (IBI = 31.1 +/- 5.9; P < .02 v II; P < .0001 v I). An increased myocardial wall reflectivity is detectable only in the presence of extreme forms of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy.

Increased myocardial ultrasonic reflectivity is associated with extreme hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy - A tissue characterization study in humans

DI BELLO, VITANTONIO;PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO;
1998

Abstract

We assessed myocardial reflectivity pattern in a large spectrum of left ventricular mass values, covering the extremes from absent to severe myocardial hypertensive hypertrophy. Quantitatively assessed ultrasonic backscatter is an index of ultrasonic tissue characterization directly related to the morphometrically evaluated collagen content in humans. We enrolled 88 essential hypertensives. With an echo prototype implemented in our Institute, integrated values of the radiofrequency signal of myocardial walls were obtained and normalized for those of the pericardium (Integrated Backscatter Index, IBI, %). Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was measured by Devereux formula. There was a weak correlation between septal IBI and LVMI (r = 0.35; P < .001). On the basis of LVMI values, three groups of hypertensives were identified, with absent (Group I, n = 23; LVMI < 125 g/m2), mild to moderate (Group II, n = 44; LVMI from 125 to 174 g/m2), or severe (Group III, n = 21; LVMI > 175 g/m2) left ventricular hypertrophy. The Integrated Backscatter Index in the septum was lower in patients of Group I (IBI = 23.3% +/- 3.6%) and II (IBI = 26.5 +/- 7.6; P = NS v Group I), in comparison with patients of Group III (IBI = 31.1 +/- 5.9; P < .02 v II; P < .0001 v I). An increased myocardial wall reflectivity is detectable only in the presence of extreme forms of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy.
Lucarini, Ar; Talarico, L; DI BELLO, Vitantonio; Paterni, M; Pedrinelli, Roberto; Picano, E.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/204797
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact