We report on the analysis of the line shapes in a two-color, three-photon ionization process of rubidium atoms in a magneto-optical trap. A cw and a pulsed laser are tuned almost at resonance with the 5(2)S(1/2)-5(2)P(3/2) and the 5(2)P(3/2)-6(2)D(5/2) transitions, respectively. The line shapes, recorded as functions of the pulsed laser wavelength, are strongly asymmetric with respect to the near resonance peak positions: in fact, they present long tails only on one side, according to the sign of the detuning of the cw laser. Moreover, the signal is overall stronger for negative than for positive detunings. Theoretical considerations based on the Autler-Townes scheme and computer simulations of the excitation-ionization dynamics show that the main source of asymmetry is the coupling of the two ionization pathways going through the 6(2)D(3/2) and 6(2)D(5/2) levels. In order to reproduce the experimental line shapes one must take into account the variability of the pulsed laser intensity and its finite coherence time.
|Autori:||I. CACELLI; A. FIORETTI; C. GABBANINI; M. MAZZONI; PERSICO M|
|Titolo:||Line shape study of two-color three-photon ionization of Rb atoms|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevA.66.023408|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|