In this study we have investigated the insulin secretory response to glucose and other secretagogues (2-ketoisocaproate, 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine and arginine) of pancreatic islets isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats of various ages (from 2 to 28 months). Our results showed a significant decline in the glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, starting at 12 months of age. On the other hand, the response to non-glucose secretagogues (and mainly to 2-ketoisocaproate) was less impaired with advancing age than that to glucose. We also observed a progressive age-related decline of protein levels of the glucose transporter GLUT-2 in pancreatic islets, which was temporally concomitant and quantitatively comparable with the beta-cell alteration in glucose responsiveness (-40/50%). Finally, we observed a significant increase of the islets insulin content in older rats with respect to younger animals. We conclude that in the islet of older rats the impaired capability to respond to glucose could be dependent, at least in part, on the age-dependent reduction in GLUT-2 and could be compensated by mechanisms including a preserved responsiveness to non-glucose secretagogues and/or the development of islet hypertrophy.

Age-dependent reduction in GLUT-2 levels is correlated with the impairment of the insulin secretory response in isolated islets of Sprague-Dawley rats.

NOVELLI, MICHELA;DE TATA, VINCENZO;BERGAMINI, ETTORE;MASIELLO, PELLEGRINO
2000

Abstract

In this study we have investigated the insulin secretory response to glucose and other secretagogues (2-ketoisocaproate, 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine and arginine) of pancreatic islets isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats of various ages (from 2 to 28 months). Our results showed a significant decline in the glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, starting at 12 months of age. On the other hand, the response to non-glucose secretagogues (and mainly to 2-ketoisocaproate) was less impaired with advancing age than that to glucose. We also observed a progressive age-related decline of protein levels of the glucose transporter GLUT-2 in pancreatic islets, which was temporally concomitant and quantitatively comparable with the beta-cell alteration in glucose responsiveness (-40/50%). Finally, we observed a significant increase of the islets insulin content in older rats with respect to younger animals. We conclude that in the islet of older rats the impaired capability to respond to glucose could be dependent, at least in part, on the age-dependent reduction in GLUT-2 and could be compensated by mechanisms including a preserved responsiveness to non-glucose secretagogues and/or the development of islet hypertrophy.
Novelli, Michela; DE TATA, Vincenzo; Bombara, M; Bergamini, Ettore; Masiello, Pellegrino
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/204965
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