We have investigated the effects of some interleukins, such as interleukin (IL) 4, IL-7, stem cell factor (SCF) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), known to be involved in human lymphopoiesis, on proliferation, clonal growth and differentiation of cells from two acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) derived pre-B cell lines, that is, Nalm 1, Nalm 6 and purified blasts from 37 childhood ALL. IL4 did not display any promoting activity, an inhibitory effect being observed in two patients. IL7 showed an heterogeneous responsiveness, not related to immunophenotype or cytogenetic features, proliferation and clonal growth being observed in a minority of ALL. In other patients no or even inhibitory effects on proliferation were observed. In one case this inhibition of DNA synthesis was accompanied by maturation of the cells, as demonstrated by the induced expression of surface immunoglobulins (slg); other IL7 treated samples failed to express slg, but showed a decreased expression of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase and cALL antigen, suggesting that the cells have a potential of limited maturation by IL7. SCF, known to synergize with IL7 in the most primitive stages of normal B cell development, did not enhance the IL7 response in B cell precursor ALL. Finally IGF-1 failed to induce a proliferative response and clonal growth in BCP ALL either alone or in combination with IL7.

THE EFFECT OF CYTOKINES, INCLUDING IL4,IL7,STEM CELL FACTOR,INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR ON CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA

CONSOLINI, RITA;LEGITIMO, ANNALISA;MATTII, LETIZIA;PETRINI, MARIO;
1997

Abstract

We have investigated the effects of some interleukins, such as interleukin (IL) 4, IL-7, stem cell factor (SCF) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), known to be involved in human lymphopoiesis, on proliferation, clonal growth and differentiation of cells from two acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) derived pre-B cell lines, that is, Nalm 1, Nalm 6 and purified blasts from 37 childhood ALL. IL4 did not display any promoting activity, an inhibitory effect being observed in two patients. IL7 showed an heterogeneous responsiveness, not related to immunophenotype or cytogenetic features, proliferation and clonal growth being observed in a minority of ALL. In other patients no or even inhibitory effects on proliferation were observed. In one case this inhibition of DNA synthesis was accompanied by maturation of the cells, as demonstrated by the induced expression of surface immunoglobulins (slg); other IL7 treated samples failed to express slg, but showed a decreased expression of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase and cALL antigen, suggesting that the cells have a potential of limited maturation by IL7. SCF, known to synergize with IL7 in the most primitive stages of normal B cell development, did not enhance the IL7 response in B cell precursor ALL. Finally IGF-1 failed to induce a proliferative response and clonal growth in BCP ALL either alone or in combination with IL7.
Consolini, Rita; Legitimo, Annalisa; Cattani, M; Simi, P; Mattii, Letizia; Petrini, Mario; Putti, C; Basso, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/205163
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