High-yield reactions of the pentafluoride complexes MF5 (M = Nb, Ta) with a variety of diethers, ROCH2CH(R′)OR′′, afford the ionic derivatives [MF4{κ2-ROCH2CH(R′)OR′′}2][MF6] (2a−2e) or [MF4{ROCH2CH(R′)OR′′}2][M2F11] (3a−3f) according to the metal/diether ratio employed. The structures of [MF4(κ2-dme)2][MF6] [M = Nb (2a), Ta (2b); dme = MeOCH2CH2OMe] have been determined by X-ray diffraction. Moreover, the structure of the cationic part of 2a in the gas phase has been optimized by density functional theory calculations (the B3LYP/LANL2DZ method). An analogous computational study has allowed one to predict the existence of a heptacoordinated niobium cation within the species [NbCl4(dme)2][NbCl6]. This prediction has been confirmed by NMR identification at −60 °C of the complexes [MCl4(κ2-dme)(κ1-dme)][MCl6] [M = Nb (4a), Ta (4b)], obtained by the addition of dme to MCl5 in CDCl3. Activation of the coordinated diether in 2 and 3 takes place in solution at high temperature and generally proceeds via cleavage of C−O bonds and coupling of the fragments produced. Thus, OR2 (R = Me, Et) and 1,4-dioxane have been obtained selectively upon thermal reaction of MF5 with dme, diglyme, or 1,2-diethoxyethane, followed by treatment with water. In analogous conditions, 1,2-dimethoxypropane converts mainly into acetone and dimethyl ether. The formation of dioxane from dme occurs in high yield also by using a catalytic amount of NbF5. The activation of dme by NbF5 follows a pathway different from that previously reported for NbCl5, and an explanation based on the thermodynamic parameters calculated at the B3LYP/LANL2DZ level is given: the formation of Me2O and dioxane is the most favored reaction between NbF5 and dme (ΔGr° = −15.16 kcal·molNb−1), while the formation of MeCl and dioxane is the most favored reaction in the case of NbCl5/dme (ΔGr° = −53.13 kcal·molNb−1).

Structures and Unusual Rearrangements of Coordination Adducts of MX5 (M = Nb, Ta; X = F, Cl) with Simple Diethers. A Crystallographic, Spectroscopic, and Computational Study

CHIAPPE, CINZIA;MARCHETTI, FABIO;PAMPALONI, GUIDO;
2010

Abstract

High-yield reactions of the pentafluoride complexes MF5 (M = Nb, Ta) with a variety of diethers, ROCH2CH(R′)OR′′, afford the ionic derivatives [MF4{κ2-ROCH2CH(R′)OR′′}2][MF6] (2a−2e) or [MF4{ROCH2CH(R′)OR′′}2][M2F11] (3a−3f) according to the metal/diether ratio employed. The structures of [MF4(κ2-dme)2][MF6] [M = Nb (2a), Ta (2b); dme = MeOCH2CH2OMe] have been determined by X-ray diffraction. Moreover, the structure of the cationic part of 2a in the gas phase has been optimized by density functional theory calculations (the B3LYP/LANL2DZ method). An analogous computational study has allowed one to predict the existence of a heptacoordinated niobium cation within the species [NbCl4(dme)2][NbCl6]. This prediction has been confirmed by NMR identification at −60 °C of the complexes [MCl4(κ2-dme)(κ1-dme)][MCl6] [M = Nb (4a), Ta (4b)], obtained by the addition of dme to MCl5 in CDCl3. Activation of the coordinated diether in 2 and 3 takes place in solution at high temperature and generally proceeds via cleavage of C−O bonds and coupling of the fragments produced. Thus, OR2 (R = Me, Et) and 1,4-dioxane have been obtained selectively upon thermal reaction of MF5 with dme, diglyme, or 1,2-diethoxyethane, followed by treatment with water. In analogous conditions, 1,2-dimethoxypropane converts mainly into acetone and dimethyl ether. The formation of dioxane from dme occurs in high yield also by using a catalytic amount of NbF5. The activation of dme by NbF5 follows a pathway different from that previously reported for NbCl5, and an explanation based on the thermodynamic parameters calculated at the B3LYP/LANL2DZ level is given: the formation of Me2O and dioxane is the most favored reaction between NbF5 and dme (ΔGr° = −15.16 kcal·molNb−1), while the formation of MeCl and dioxane is the most favored reaction in the case of NbCl5/dme (ΔGr° = −53.13 kcal·molNb−1).
Bini, R; Chiappe, Cinzia; Marchetti, Fabio; Pampaloni, Guido; Zacchini, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/205497
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