In touch sensory neurons of the leech, a train of spikes evoked by intracellular electrical stimulation leads to an afterhyperpolarization, mainly due to the activation of the Na+/K+ electrogenic pump and partly to a Ca’+ -activated K+ conductance. It has been found that serotonin is able to reduce the afterhyperpolarization through the inhibition of the Na+/K+ electrogenic pump. We have investigated the possible modulation of the afterhyperpolarization by other endogenous neurotransmitters and we have found that octopamine is also able to reduce its amplitude. The electrical stimulation of the octopaminergic Leydig neurons mimics this effect. We have compared the actions of the two amines and found that the effect of serotonin is blocked by methysergide but not by high [Mg2+] or by phentolamine, and it is still present in touch cells isolated in culture. On the contrary, the octopamine modulation of the afterhyperpolarization does not occur in single touch cells in culture and it is blocked by all these treatments. These data suggest that while serotonin should act monosynaptically, octopamine should act through a serotonergic pathway.
|Autori:||CATARSI S; SCURI R; BRUNELLI M|
|Titolo:||Octopamine and Leydig cell stimulation depress the after-hyperpolarization in T sensory neurons of the leech|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|