To evaluate whether cyclooxygenase constrictor substances can impair nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in essential hypertension, in seven normotensive subjects (43.3 +/- 4.1 years; BP, 117 +/- 6/81 +/- 2 mm Hg) and seven essential hypertensive patients (47.1 +/- 5.2 years; BP, 151 +/- 8/98 +/- 4 mm Hg) we studied forearm blood flow (strain-gauge plethysmography) modifications induced by intrabrachial acetylcholine (0.15, 0.45, 1.5, 4.5, 15 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1) in basal conditions, during infusion of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; 100 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1), a nitirc oxide synthase inhibitor, or indomethacin (50 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, or simultaneous indomethacin and L-NMMA. In normotensives, vasodilation to acetylcholine was blunted by L-NMMA (maximum flow increase: 671 +/- 64% and 386 +/- 42%, respectively; P < .01), and this effect was unchanged by indomethacin. In contrast, in hypertensive patients, vasodilation to acetylcholine (maximum flow increase: 458 +/- 33%) was unchanged by L-NMMA. Indomethacin significantly (P < .01) increased the response to acetylcholine (maximum flow increase: 635 +/- 53%) and restored the inhibitory effect of L-NMMA (maximum flow increase: 445 +/- 36%; P < .01 versus indomethacin alone). In an adjunctive seven normotensives (51.4 +/- 4.2 years; BP, 114 +/- 5/79 +/- 3 mm Hg) and seven essential hypertensives (53.2 +/- 7.6 years; BP, 153 +/- 9/100 +/- 3 mm Hg) we repeated the same protocol by replacing L-NMMA with L-arginine (200 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1), the substrate for NO synthase. In normotensives, vasodilation to acetylcholine was increased by L-arginine (maximum flow increase: 539 +/- 48% and 806 +/- 61%, respectively) and this effect was unchanged by indomethacin. In hypertensive patients, vasodilation to acetylcholine (maximum flow increase: 339 +/- 32%) was unchanged by L-arginine but was significantly (P < .01) increased by indomethacin (maximum flow increase: 592 +/- 38%). Moreover, indomethacin restored the facilitatory effect of L-arginine (maximum flow increase: 804 +/- 56%; P < .01 versus indomethacin alone). Therefore, cyclooxygenase inhibition restores nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in essential hypertension, suggesting that cyclooxygenase-dependent substances can impair nitric oxide production

Cyclooxygenase inhibition restores nitric oxide activity in essential hypertension

TADDEI, STEFANO;VIRDIS, AGOSTINO;GHIADONI, LORENZO;MAGAGNA, ARMANDO;SALVETTI, ANTONIO
1997

Abstract

To evaluate whether cyclooxygenase constrictor substances can impair nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in essential hypertension, in seven normotensive subjects (43.3 +/- 4.1 years; BP, 117 +/- 6/81 +/- 2 mm Hg) and seven essential hypertensive patients (47.1 +/- 5.2 years; BP, 151 +/- 8/98 +/- 4 mm Hg) we studied forearm blood flow (strain-gauge plethysmography) modifications induced by intrabrachial acetylcholine (0.15, 0.45, 1.5, 4.5, 15 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1) in basal conditions, during infusion of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; 100 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1), a nitirc oxide synthase inhibitor, or indomethacin (50 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, or simultaneous indomethacin and L-NMMA. In normotensives, vasodilation to acetylcholine was blunted by L-NMMA (maximum flow increase: 671 +/- 64% and 386 +/- 42%, respectively; P < .01), and this effect was unchanged by indomethacin. In contrast, in hypertensive patients, vasodilation to acetylcholine (maximum flow increase: 458 +/- 33%) was unchanged by L-NMMA. Indomethacin significantly (P < .01) increased the response to acetylcholine (maximum flow increase: 635 +/- 53%) and restored the inhibitory effect of L-NMMA (maximum flow increase: 445 +/- 36%; P < .01 versus indomethacin alone). In an adjunctive seven normotensives (51.4 +/- 4.2 years; BP, 114 +/- 5/79 +/- 3 mm Hg) and seven essential hypertensives (53.2 +/- 7.6 years; BP, 153 +/- 9/100 +/- 3 mm Hg) we repeated the same protocol by replacing L-NMMA with L-arginine (200 micrograms.100 mL-1.min-1), the substrate for NO synthase. In normotensives, vasodilation to acetylcholine was increased by L-arginine (maximum flow increase: 539 +/- 48% and 806 +/- 61%, respectively) and this effect was unchanged by indomethacin. In hypertensive patients, vasodilation to acetylcholine (maximum flow increase: 339 +/- 32%) was unchanged by L-arginine but was significantly (P < .01) increased by indomethacin (maximum flow increase: 592 +/- 38%). Moreover, indomethacin restored the facilitatory effect of L-arginine (maximum flow increase: 804 +/- 56%; P < .01 versus indomethacin alone). Therefore, cyclooxygenase inhibition restores nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in essential hypertension, suggesting that cyclooxygenase-dependent substances can impair nitric oxide production
Taddei, Stefano; Virdis, Agostino; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo; Magagna, Armando; Salvetti, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/205695
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