Gene fadD33 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, one of the 36 homologues of gene fadD of Escherichia coli identified in the M. tuberculosis genome, predictively encodes an acyl-CoA synthase, an enzyme involved in fatty acids metabolism. The gene is underexpressed in the attenuated strain M. tuberculosis H37Ra relative to virulent H37Rv and plays a role in M. tuberculosis virulence in BALB/c mice by supporting mycobacterial replication in the liver. In the present paper, we investigated the role of fadD33 expression in bacterial growth within the hepatocyte cell line HepG2, as well as in human monocyte-derived THP-1 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. M. tuberculosis H37Rv proved able to grow within HepG2 cells, while the intracellular replication of M. tuberculosis H37Ra was markedly impaired; complementation of strain H37Ra with gene fadD33 restored its replication to the levels of H37Rv. Moreover, disruption of gene fadD33 by allelic exchange mutagenesis reduced the intracellular growth of M. tuberculosis H37Rv, and complementation of the fadD33-disrupted mutant with gene fadD33 restored bacterial replication. Conversely, fadD33 expression proved unable to influence M. tuberculosis growth in human phagocytes, as fadD33-disrupted M. tuberculosis H37Rv mutant, as well as fadD33-complemented M. tuberculosis H37Ra, grew within THP-1 cells and peripheral monocytes basically at the same rates as parent H37Rv and H37Ra strains. The results of these experiments indicate that gene fadD33 expression confers growth advantage to M. tuberculosis in immortalized hepatocytes, but not in macrophages, thus emphasizing the importance of fadD33 in liver-specific replication of M. tuberculosis.
|Autori:||Rindi L; Bonanni D; Lari N; Garzelli C|
|Titolo:||Requirement of gene fadD33 for the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a hepatocyte cell line|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|