The availability of recombinant human growth hormone (GH) and the optimization of substitutive therapy have improved final growth in children with GH deficiency, but despite this some of them fail to grow to their genetic potential. In particular, this may occur in patients who started the substitutive therapy too late and/or in whom bone age progressed too fast during GH administration. In these patients, with unfavorable auxological characteristics, the administration of a GnRH agonist in combination with GH may slow down bone maturation and prolong prepubertal growth, mimicking, to some extent, the growth pattern of patients with On + Gn deficiency who grow better than children with isolated GHD, A different condition in which such a combined therapy might be used is the short normal child. As they are short but normally-growing children, the onset of puberty is in general appropriate for their chronological age but precocious for their height age, Thus, slowing down pubertal maturation may increase the time available for growth. GH would sustain growth during both GnRHa administration and after its withdrawal, when puberty starts again. Our preliminary results suggest that the administration of GH + GnRHa in combination may have a positive effect on final height in selected children with isolated GHD and in short normal children.

Is there a place for combined therapy with GnRH agonist plus growth hormone in improving final height in short statured children?

SAGGESE, GIUSEPPE;FEDERICO, GIOVANNI;
2000

Abstract

The availability of recombinant human growth hormone (GH) and the optimization of substitutive therapy have improved final growth in children with GH deficiency, but despite this some of them fail to grow to their genetic potential. In particular, this may occur in patients who started the substitutive therapy too late and/or in whom bone age progressed too fast during GH administration. In these patients, with unfavorable auxological characteristics, the administration of a GnRH agonist in combination with GH may slow down bone maturation and prolong prepubertal growth, mimicking, to some extent, the growth pattern of patients with On + Gn deficiency who grow better than children with isolated GHD, A different condition in which such a combined therapy might be used is the short normal child. As they are short but normally-growing children, the onset of puberty is in general appropriate for their chronological age but precocious for their height age, Thus, slowing down pubertal maturation may increase the time available for growth. GH would sustain growth during both GnRHa administration and after its withdrawal, when puberty starts again. Our preliminary results suggest that the administration of GH + GnRHa in combination may have a positive effect on final height in selected children with isolated GHD and in short normal children.
Saggese, Giuseppe; Federico, Giovanni; Barsanti, S; Cerri, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/206019
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