OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine risk factors for mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Baseline risk factors were measured in the EURODIAB Prospective Cohort Study with 2,787 type 1 diabetic patients (51% men and 49% women) recruited from 16 European countries. Mortality data were collected during a 7-year follow-up. RESULTS: There was an annual mortality rate of 5 per 1,000 person-years in patients with type 1 diabetes (mean age at baseline 33 years, range 15-61 years); of the total 2,787 subjects, 102 died. The final multivariable model contained age at baseline (standardized hazard ratio 1.78 [95% CI 1.44-2.20]), A1C (1.18 [0.95-1.46]), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (1.32 [1.14-1.52]), pulse pressure (1.33 [1.13-1.58]), and non-HDL cholesterol (1.33 [1.12-1.60]) as risk factors for all-cause mortality. Macroalbuminuria (2.39 [1.19-4.78]) and peripheral (1.88 [1.06-3.35]) and autonomic neuropathy (2.40 [1.32-4.36]) were the most important risk markers for mortality. Similar risk factors were found for all-cause, non-cardiovascular disease (CVD), unknown-cause, and CVD mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Important risk factors for the increased total and non-CVD mortality in type 1 diabetic patients are age, WHR, pulse pressure, and non-HDL cholesterol. Microvascular complications from macroalbuminuria and peripheral and autonomic neuropathy are strong risk markers for future mortality exceeding the effect of the traditional risk factors.

Relationship between risk factors and motality in type 1 diabetic patients in Europe: the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study (PCS)

NANNIPIERI, MONICA;MICCOLI, ROBERTO
2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine risk factors for mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Baseline risk factors were measured in the EURODIAB Prospective Cohort Study with 2,787 type 1 diabetic patients (51% men and 49% women) recruited from 16 European countries. Mortality data were collected during a 7-year follow-up. RESULTS: There was an annual mortality rate of 5 per 1,000 person-years in patients with type 1 diabetes (mean age at baseline 33 years, range 15-61 years); of the total 2,787 subjects, 102 died. The final multivariable model contained age at baseline (standardized hazard ratio 1.78 [95% CI 1.44-2.20]), A1C (1.18 [0.95-1.46]), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (1.32 [1.14-1.52]), pulse pressure (1.33 [1.13-1.58]), and non-HDL cholesterol (1.33 [1.12-1.60]) as risk factors for all-cause mortality. Macroalbuminuria (2.39 [1.19-4.78]) and peripheral (1.88 [1.06-3.35]) and autonomic neuropathy (2.40 [1.32-4.36]) were the most important risk markers for mortality. Similar risk factors were found for all-cause, non-cardiovascular disease (CVD), unknown-cause, and CVD mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Important risk factors for the increased total and non-CVD mortality in type 1 diabetic patients are age, WHR, pulse pressure, and non-HDL cholesterol. Microvascular complications from macroalbuminuria and peripheral and autonomic neuropathy are strong risk markers for future mortality exceeding the effect of the traditional risk factors.
Soedamah Muthu, Ss; Chaturvedi, N; Witte, Dr; Stevens, Lk; Porta, M; Fuller, Jh; Eurodiab, Group; Nannipieri, Monica; Miccoli, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/206060
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