OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine risk factors for mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Baseline risk factors were measured in the EURODIAB Prospective Cohort Study with 2,787 type 1 diabetic patients (51% men and 49% women) recruited from 16 European countries. Mortality data were collected during a 7-year follow-up. RESULTS: There was an annual mortality rate of 5 per 1,000 person-years in patients with type 1 diabetes (mean age at baseline 33 years, range 15-61 years); of the total 2,787 subjects, 102 died. The final multivariable model contained age at baseline (standardized hazard ratio 1.78 [95% CI 1.44-2.20]), A1C (1.18 [0.95-1.46]), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (1.32 [1.14-1.52]), pulse pressure (1.33 [1.13-1.58]), and non-HDL cholesterol (1.33 [1.12-1.60]) as risk factors for all-cause mortality. Macroalbuminuria (2.39 [1.19-4.78]) and peripheral (1.88 [1.06-3.35]) and autonomic neuropathy (2.40 [1.32-4.36]) were the most important risk markers for mortality. Similar risk factors were found for all-cause, non-cardiovascular disease (CVD), unknown-cause, and CVD mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Important risk factors for the increased total and non-CVD mortality in type 1 diabetic patients are age, WHR, pulse pressure, and non-HDL cholesterol. Microvascular complications from macroalbuminuria and peripheral and autonomic neuropathy are strong risk markers for future mortality exceeding the effect of the traditional risk factors.
|Autori:||Soedamah-Muthu SS; Chaturvedi N; Witte DR; Stevens LK; Porta M; Fuller JH; EURODIAB Group; Nannipieri M;Miccoli R|
|Titolo:||Relationship between risk factors and motality in type 1 diabetic patients in Europe: the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study (PCS)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2337/dc08-0107|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|