In adult cats, local injection of kainic acid (KA) in the inferior olive (IO) of one side, from which the crossed olivocerebellar projection originates, produced asymmetric postural and motor deficits, attributed to selective damage of the olivary neurons. Since aspartate is one of the putative transmitters of the olivocerebellar fibers, experiments were performed to find out whether 6-8 days after injection of KA within the IO of one side produced changes in aspartate receptors binding in different zones of the cerebellar cortex. In particular, binding in the contralateral zones of the cerebellar cortex was referred to proteins contained in membrane suspensions and compared with the control values obtained in the same experiments from the ipsilateral zones. Binding of L-[3H] aspartate decreased on the average to 53.4% of the control value in the medial zone and to 86.1% of the control value in the intermediate and lateral zones of the cerebellar cortex. This reduction varied in different experiments according to the side of the injection, in agreement with the well known pattern of regional distribution of the olivocerebellar projection within the cerebellar cortex. These findings favour aspartate as the putative neurotransmitter of the climbing fibers. The demonstration that binding of aspartate decreased in the cerebellar cortex of one side, 6-8 days after injection of KA in the corresponding IO, indicates that plastic events occur at this level following destruction of the olivocerebellar pathway. In particular, the reduced binding can be attributed either to a decrease in number of the postsynaptic receptor sites for aspartate or to a decreased affinity of this amino acid for the corresponding receptors. These findings, however, do not exclude that an hypersensitivity by denervation may occur at the level of individual Purkinje cells when they are deprived of the climbing fibers input. In order to answer this question further experiments are required to find out how the binding for aspartate is modified at increasing time intervals after the olivary lesion.
|Autori:||DASCANIO P; LUCACCHINI A; MARTINI C; POMPEIANO O|
|Titolo:||EFFECTS OF UNILATERAL LESION OF THE INFERIOR OLIVE ON L-[H-3] ASPARTATE RECEPTORS BINDING IN SYNAPTIC-MEMBRANES OF CAT CEREBELLAR CORTEX|
|Anno del prodotto:||1985|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|