To investigate the role of Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF) in modulating arteriolar tone in hypertension, a synthetic 25 AA human ANF-analogue (anaritide) was infused intraarterially in the forearm vascular bed of five patients with mild hypertension. A dose-dependent increase in blood flow (plethysmographic technique) was seen at rates covering a thousand-fold range (0.008, 0.08, 0.8, 8.0 micrograms/dl tissue/min x 15 minutes each). At the lowest infusion rate, the forearm blood flow increment was associated with changes in local venous ANF concentrations comparable with those reported during biological stimuli in hypertensive man and consistent with an ANF physiologic role in forearm arterioles of hypertensive patients. However, at local venous concentrations greater than 1000 pg/ml, ANF did not relax forearm vessels by more than about one-fourth of the total forearm vasodilator capacity (as assessed through a maximally active ischemic stimulus). These data confirm the low potency of ANF as an endogenous vasodilator, although vasodilator potency is not a necessary requirement for physiologic systems involved in the regulation of muscular vascular tone. Systemic arterial pressure, heart rate, and contralateral flow did not change during the study in spite of the markedly increased peripheral ANF levels recirculating from the local forearm administration. This behavior indicates that arteriolar vasodilation is apparently not the main mechanism of action of ANF on systemic hemodynamics in hypertensive patients.

Atrial natriuretic factor as a vasodilator agent in hypertensive patients.

PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO;TADDEI, STEFANO;
1990

Abstract

To investigate the role of Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF) in modulating arteriolar tone in hypertension, a synthetic 25 AA human ANF-analogue (anaritide) was infused intraarterially in the forearm vascular bed of five patients with mild hypertension. A dose-dependent increase in blood flow (plethysmographic technique) was seen at rates covering a thousand-fold range (0.008, 0.08, 0.8, 8.0 micrograms/dl tissue/min x 15 minutes each). At the lowest infusion rate, the forearm blood flow increment was associated with changes in local venous ANF concentrations comparable with those reported during biological stimuli in hypertensive man and consistent with an ANF physiologic role in forearm arterioles of hypertensive patients. However, at local venous concentrations greater than 1000 pg/ml, ANF did not relax forearm vessels by more than about one-fourth of the total forearm vasodilator capacity (as assessed through a maximally active ischemic stimulus). These data confirm the low potency of ANF as an endogenous vasodilator, although vasodilator potency is not a necessary requirement for physiologic systems involved in the regulation of muscular vascular tone. Systemic arterial pressure, heart rate, and contralateral flow did not change during the study in spite of the markedly increased peripheral ANF levels recirculating from the local forearm administration. This behavior indicates that arteriolar vasodilation is apparently not the main mechanism of action of ANF on systemic hemodynamics in hypertensive patients.
Pedrinelli, Roberto; Spessot, M; Panarace, G; Taddei, Stefano; Favilla, S; Salvetti, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/206091
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