Binocular grating acuity of 65 neonates was measured using Teller acuity cards. At the time of testing, age corrected for prematurity ranged from -3 weeks to 2 weeks. On the basis of clinical data, serial ultrasound scans and EEG recording newborns were divided into 4 subgroups: fullterm low-risk (FLR, n = 22); preterm low-risk (PLR, n = 20); preterm medium-risk (PMR, n = 9) and preterm high-risk (PHR, n = 14). Mean visual acuity of PLR infants (0.86 cy/deg; S.D. 0.34 oct) was not significantly different from that of FLR newborns (0.80 cy/deg; S.D. 0.71 oct); the lower variability of the PLR infants might possibly be caused by their longer postnatal experience. Within the preterm groups, mean visual acuity of PLR newborns was found to be significantly higher than that of PMR (0.73 cy/deg; S.D. 0.26 oct) and PHR infants (0.73 cy/deg; S.D. 0.35 oct). This difference can not be explained by dissimilarities in postnatal or corrected age. Brain impairment, as documented by US scans and EEG recording could account for these findings. Longitudinal data are needed in order to substantiate these findings and correlate them with later neurological and neuro-imaging outcome. Preliminary results of an ongoing longitudinal study suggest acuity development of most, but not all, PHR infants, in whom a cystic-periventricular leukomalacia had been diagnosed, to be worse than that of low- and medium-risk infants.
|Autori:||IPATA AE; CIONI G; BOLDRINI A; BOTTAI P; VANHOFVANDUIN J|
|Titolo:||Visual acuity of low- and high-risk neonates and acuity development during the first year|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0166-4328(05)80200-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|