The aim of this study was to evaluate if Doppler indexes of left ventricular filling are related to exercise capacity. Since a correlation between left ventricular filling pattern and causal blood pressure has been recently reported along a wide range of pressure values, a group of subjects with blood pressure ranging from normal to severely elevated values was studied. Twenty-four subjects (11 normotensives, 13 mild to severe hypertensive patients) underwent an echo-Doppler study and a maximal multistage cycloergometric exercise test. Since the cycloergometric test was limited by fatigue or dyspnea in all subjects, exercise duration was used as an effort tolerance index. Echocardiographic indexes of systolic function resulted normal in all subjects. Significant relationships with exercise duration were found for several indexes of left ventricular filling (A peak: r = -.743, p < .0001; A/E ratio: r = -.606, p < .005; early filling fraction: r = .639, p < .001). Exercise time was also significantly related to casual blood pressure, both systolic and diastolic. The relationships between transmitral blood flow and exercise capacity seem to indicate that an impairment of ventricular relaxation (as indicated by the progressive increase of atrial contribution) is associated with a decreased exercise tolerance, possibly because a progressively lower activation of Frank-Starling mechanism. Diastolic function thus seems to be able to affect exercise tolerance even in subjects with normal systolic function and blood pressure ranging from normal to severely elevated values.
|Autori:||Marabotti C; Genovesi Ebert A; Palombo C; Giaconi S; Ghione S.|
|Titolo:||Relationship of Doppler indexes of left ventricular filling and exertion tolerance.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|