The interference by nicardipine and verapamil with the response to vasoactive stimuli, such as lower body negative pressure and angiotensin II, has been evaluated in the forearm of hypertensive patients. Forearm blood flow was monitored during the intraarterial infusion of either drug at rates equieffective on basal flow. Nicardipine blunted the peak forearm vasoconstrictor action of lower body negative pressure and a comparable result was obtained when angiotensin II was administered intraarterially. In spite of a comparable increase in forearm flow, nicardipine was more potent than verapamil in inhibiting vasoconstriction following both stimuli. Thus, nicardipine suppressed regional vascular reactivity, probably by blockade of the influx of extracellular calcium, in response to receptor activation, since both alpha-adrenergic and angiotensin II receptor-mediated vasoconstrictor responses were attenuated. However, the results of the comparison with an unrelated calcium entry blocker, such as verapamil, may suggest that nicardipine, and possibly other dihydropiridine derivatives, preferentially antagonize agonist-mediated vasoconstriction in the human forearm.

Calcium entry blockade and agonist-mediated forearm vasoconstriction in hypertensive patients. Difference between nicardipine and verapamil.

PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO;TADDEI, STEFANO;
1991

Abstract

The interference by nicardipine and verapamil with the response to vasoactive stimuli, such as lower body negative pressure and angiotensin II, has been evaluated in the forearm of hypertensive patients. Forearm blood flow was monitored during the intraarterial infusion of either drug at rates equieffective on basal flow. Nicardipine blunted the peak forearm vasoconstrictor action of lower body negative pressure and a comparable result was obtained when angiotensin II was administered intraarterially. In spite of a comparable increase in forearm flow, nicardipine was more potent than verapamil in inhibiting vasoconstriction following both stimuli. Thus, nicardipine suppressed regional vascular reactivity, probably by blockade of the influx of extracellular calcium, in response to receptor activation, since both alpha-adrenergic and angiotensin II receptor-mediated vasoconstrictor responses were attenuated. However, the results of the comparison with an unrelated calcium entry blocker, such as verapamil, may suggest that nicardipine, and possibly other dihydropiridine derivatives, preferentially antagonize agonist-mediated vasoconstriction in the human forearm.
Pedrinelli, Roberto; Taddei, Stefano; Panarace, G; Spessot, M; Salvetti, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/206145
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