The motility of circulating neutrophils from seven patients affected by intermediate and high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was investigated before and after rhG-CSF administration (5 micrograms/kg/d for 5 d subcutaneously) in the course of chemotherapy. Random motility and bacterial lipopolysaccharide-induced chemotaxis were studied by the micropore filter technique in a Boyden chamber. These functions were evaluated by a very sensitive technique, based on a computer-assisted image processing system, capable of giving several parameters about the kinetics of cell migration. Along with a significant increase in neutrophil number, a significant decrease both in random and stimulated motility was found. The kinetics of cell migration showed that the cells maintained the typical gaussian pattern of random motility. On the contrary, neutrophils were found to have lost the typical stimulated migration peak. These findings are consistent with a rhG-CSF-induced impairment of the directional movement, rather than of the ability of moving at random. These effects were found in patients who, in the same experimental conditions, had displayed an enhanced phagocytosis and phagocytosis-associated chemiluminescence along with an enhanced CD32 expression, not due to an aspecific cell manipulation. Two hypotheses may be taken into account: (i) an increased adhesiveness due to a direct or an indirect activity of the cytokine; (ii) an abnormality in the cytoskeleton maturation and/or rearrangement during the accelerated bone marrow transit of myeloid cells. These findings emphasize that rh-GCSF administration can modulate several functions which play an important role in host defence, and suggest the utility of carrying out further studies to investigate the optimum dosage both to correct neutrophil number and preserve neutrophil functional activities.

Motility of rhG-CSF-induced neutrophils in patients undergoing chemotherapy: evidence for inhibition detected by image analysis.

AZZARA', ANTONIO;CARULLI, GIOVANNI;AMBROGI, FABIO
1996

Abstract

The motility of circulating neutrophils from seven patients affected by intermediate and high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was investigated before and after rhG-CSF administration (5 micrograms/kg/d for 5 d subcutaneously) in the course of chemotherapy. Random motility and bacterial lipopolysaccharide-induced chemotaxis were studied by the micropore filter technique in a Boyden chamber. These functions were evaluated by a very sensitive technique, based on a computer-assisted image processing system, capable of giving several parameters about the kinetics of cell migration. Along with a significant increase in neutrophil number, a significant decrease both in random and stimulated motility was found. The kinetics of cell migration showed that the cells maintained the typical gaussian pattern of random motility. On the contrary, neutrophils were found to have lost the typical stimulated migration peak. These findings are consistent with a rhG-CSF-induced impairment of the directional movement, rather than of the ability of moving at random. These effects were found in patients who, in the same experimental conditions, had displayed an enhanced phagocytosis and phagocytosis-associated chemiluminescence along with an enhanced CD32 expression, not due to an aspecific cell manipulation. Two hypotheses may be taken into account: (i) an increased adhesiveness due to a direct or an indirect activity of the cytokine; (ii) an abnormality in the cytoskeleton maturation and/or rearrangement during the accelerated bone marrow transit of myeloid cells. These findings emphasize that rh-GCSF administration can modulate several functions which play an important role in host defence, and suggest the utility of carrying out further studies to investigate the optimum dosage both to correct neutrophil number and preserve neutrophil functional activities.
Azzara', Antonio; Carulli, Giovanni; Rizzuti Gullaci, A; Minnucci, S; Capochiani, E; Ambrogi, Fabio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/206170
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