BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data are fundamental to adequately plan the activity of a liver transplantation centre. AIM: To evaluate the ratio between need and supply of liver grafts in Tuscany and to develop a regional strategy aimed at increasing donor recruitment. METHODS: The need for liver grafts was estimated on the basis of an epidemiological study: 19 Medical Units were requested to fill in a questionnaire inquiring into all Tuscan patients evaluated for liver disease during three different periods of one month each in 1996. The information collected was matched with the selection criteria currently employed at our centre and the patients were classified into the following four categories: 1. current transplantation candidates; 2. future transplantation candidates; 3. candidates not suitable on account of age; 4. candidates not suitable on account of exclusion criteria. The number of liver donors was obtained from the donor registry. RESULTS: Questionnaires were returned for a total of 452 patients: 27 (5.97%) were classified as current transplantation candidates, 62 (13.72%) as future transplantation candidates and 19 (4.20%) as candidates not suitable on account of age. The annual incidence and prevalence of transplantation candidates were 14.7 and 30.6 cases per million inhabitants, respectively. If age (> or = 61 years) was not considered in the exclusion criteria, the annual prevalence of transplantation candidates reached 52.1 cases per million inhabitants. During the same period there were 44 organ donors (12.2 donors per million inhabitants) of whom 33 were suitable for liver donation (9.3 liver donors per million inhabitants). To reduce this discrepancy a new programme for organ recruitment, based upon the Spanish model, has been recently employed. CONCLUSIONS: The annual need for liver grafts in Tuscany largely exceeds the number of donors currently available. It is hoped that the new regional programme for organ recruitment will improve these figures.
|Autori:||FILIPPONI F; MARIANI F; BOGGI U; GELLI F; ARDIS S; MARCUCCI M; MOSCA F|
|Titolo:||Need and supply of liver grafts in Tuscany|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|