Autoantibodies against the ribonucleoproteins B, B' and D are a serological marker of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We mapped the epitopes recognized by autoantibodies on the SmD molecule by means of 7 synthetic peptides corresponding to the entire length of the protein. By ELISA assay, 25% of the lupus sera contained IgG antibodies specific for the C-terminal SmD sequence 95-119. This reactivity was confirmed by synthesizing the sequence as a multiple antigen peptide (MAP): antibodies reactive with the MAP 95-119 were present only in SLE and not in other connective tissue disorders. Sera containing high titers of anti-MAP 95-119 antibodies reacted in immunoblot with the SmD protein. These results indicate the presence of a dominant epitope in the C-terminal region of SmD, which is highly homologous to the Epstein-Barr virus induced nuclear protein EBNA I.
|Autori:||Sabbatini A; Dolcher MP; Marchini B; Bombardieri S; Migliorini P|
|Titolo:||Mapping of epitopes on the SmD molecule: the use of multiple antigen peptides to measure autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|