Direct hyphenation of electrothermal atomic-absorption spectroscopy (ETAAS) to sedimentation field-flow fractionation (SdFFF) has been developed to enable elemental characterization of submicron particles as a function of size. This hyphenation is particularly suitable for characterizing colloidal particles of environmental interest, for example water-borne particles. The interface is an automatic capillary injection device (CID) which enables direct introduction of large and variable volumes of colloidal particle suspensions into a hot graphite furnace, thus preconcentrating the colloidal particles on the furnace walls. The method was validated by determination of Fe in certified submicron Fe2O3. The procedure was set up by first optimizing the SdFFF fractionation under programmed field conditions, thus enabling optimum fractionation of particle size. The ETAAS procedure was then tested to determine whether it could be used for direct analysis of Fe2O3 slurries without the need for a mineralization step. CID coupled to ETAAS was subsequently exploited for its ability to enhance the sensitivity, because of the increased injection volume. Statistical tests and data handling were conducted to prove the suitability of the ETAAS-CID module. Finally, off-line and on-line ETAAS-CID-SdFFF hyphenation were investigated. These experiments emphasized the advantages of the on-line coupling, because it enables synchronized sampling, enrichment, and elemental analysis of the flowing eluate. The benefits of the proposed hyphenation are the high specificity of analytical detection, increased sensitivity, reduction of analysis time, and minimum sample handling and contamination.
|Autori:||G. BLO; CECCARINI A; C. CONATO; C. CONTADO; F. FAGIOLI; R. FUOCO; A. PAGNONI; F. DONDI|
|Titolo:||Development of an SdFFF-ETAAS hyphenated technique for dimensional and elemental cheracterization of colloids|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00216-005-0266-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|