The availability of an ideal serum tumor marker would be of great clinical benefit for both the diagnosis and management of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Serum cancer antigen 125 assay significantly increases the diagnostic reliability of ultrasound in discriminating a malignant from a benign ovarian mass, especially in postmenopausal women, and it is the only well validated tumor marker for monitoring disease course. Several other tumor-associated antigens have been assessed, including glycoprotein antigens other than cancer antigen 125, soluble cytokeratin fragments, kallikreins, cytokines and cytokine receptors, vascular endothelial growth factor, D-dimer, and lisophosphatidic acid. This article assesses the potential diagnostic and prognostic role of these novel biomarkers, both alone and in combination with cancer antigen 125. The future for serum tumor marker research is represented by the emerging technology of proteomics, which may allow scientific advances comparable to those achieved with the introduction of monoclonal antibody technology.
|Autori:||GADDUCCI A; COSIO S; ZANCA G; GENAZZANI A|
|Titolo:||Evolving role of serum biomarkers in the management of ovarian cancer|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|