Spontaneously immortalized human mammary epithelial cells MCF-10A were transfected with an activated c-Ha-ras oncogene. Transfected cells (MCF-10T) acquire a malignant phenotype, as already reported. Studies of I-125-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation in cultures given graded doses of hydrocortisone (HC), cholera toxin (CT), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) showed that though MCF-10T had become almost independent on exogenous EGF and TGF-alpha, they continued to respond to the synergistic effect of HC and CT plus EGF. Both lines were phenotypically characterized with an immunoradiometric assay in live cells. Expression of MHC class-I molecules, human milk-fat-globule-I antigen, and EGF receptor was reduced in ras-transfected cells, although other differentiation markers were unchanged. Exogenous EGF down-regulated the expression of functional EGF-R, selectively in transformed cells. TGF-alpha failed to modulate EGF-R. In contrast, HC strongly stimulated the expression of EGF-R while depressing MHC class-I molecules. Thus, it appears that in vivo HC may co-operate with TGF-alpha and EGF in promoting the growth of transformed mammary cells. This hormone might also favor the escape from immune surveillance by reducing the expression of surface differentiation markers.
|Autori:||BASOLO F; SERRA C; CIARDIELLO F; FIORE L; RUSSO J; CAMPANI D; DOLEI A; SQUARTINI F; TONIOLO A|
|Titolo:||Regulation of surface-differentiation molecules by epidermal growth factor, transforming growth factor alpha, and hydrocortisone in human mammary epithelial cells transformed by an activated c-Ha-ras proto-oncogene|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/ijc.2910510421|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|