Several studies have described changes in beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (beta-ELI) in the rat brain in response to pain and stress stimuli. In order to ascertain the components of beta-ELI, brain samples of rats experiencing acute prolonged (tonic) pain were evaluated for their beta-ELI and later submitted to a chromatographic purification allowing the measurement of beta-endorphin (beta-EP) and acetyl beta-EP. The chromatographic analysis of both ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) and periaqueductal grey (PAG) homogenates indicates that beta-ELI is distributed in several fractions including shortened forms of beta-EP and their respective acetylated compounds. Quantitatively, while beta-ELI in formalin-injected animals was increased by 48% in VMH and 45% in PAG in respect to controls, the net increase of purified beta-EP was 1100% and 470%, respectively, for VMH and PAG. Moreover, the maximal increase of beta-ELI was evident at 120 min, in both tissues. In contrast, the beta-EP peak was reached at 30 min in VMH and at 60 min in PAG. Acetyl beta-EP was unchanged by treatment in both central areas. No correlation of beta-ELI and beta-EP was found in VMH. These data demonstrate that the evaluation of beta-ELI gives a poor estimate of beta-EP changes, due to several components of the endorphin family.
|Autori:||Facchinetti F; Tassinari G; Porro CA; Galetti A; Genazzani A|
|Titolo:||Central changes of beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity during rat tonic pain differ from those of purified beta-endorphin.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|