Homogeneous catalytic systems based on optically active low-molecular-weight and macromolecular titanium alcoholates and tri-isobutyl aluminum were used in the isomerization and hydrogenation of chiral and prochiral olefins. The reactions performed in a nitrogen and hydrogen atmosphere show a different behavior in regard to reaction rate, composition of reaction mixture, and stereochemical control. The catalyst based on macromolecular titanium alcoholate displays lower activity and a varying influence on the stereochemical pathway with respect to the catalysts based on low- molecular-weight alcoholates. The data obtained in both cases strongly support the absence of a stereocontrol by the growing chain in the stereoelective polymerization of racemic α-olefins by Ziegler-Natta catalysts based on optically active precursors. Finally evidence is provided in favor of the intermediate step responsible for asymmetric isomerization which does not occur via η-allyl complex.
|Autori:||Carlini C; Chiellini E; Solaro R|
|Titolo:||Model reactions for stereochemistry of Ziegler Natta polymerization: asymmetric hydroisomerization of α-olefins by chiral titanium tetraalkoxides/triisobutylaluminum catalytic systems|
|Anno del prodotto:||1980|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/pol.1980.170180709|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|