Homogeneous catalytic systems based on optically active low-molecular-weight and macromolecular titanium alcoholates and tri-isobutyl aluminum were used in the isomerization and hydrogenation of chiral and prochiral olefins. The reactions performed in a nitrogen and hydrogen atmosphere show a different behavior in regard to reaction rate, composition of reaction mixture, and stereochemical control. The catalyst based on macromolecular titanium alcoholate displays lower activity and a varying influence on the stereochemical pathway with respect to the catalysts based on low- molecular-weight alcoholates. The data obtained in both cases strongly support the absence of a stereocontrol by the growing chain in the stereoelective polymerization of racemic α-olefins by Ziegler-Natta catalysts based on optically active precursors. Finally evidence is provided in favor of the intermediate step responsible for asymmetric isomerization which does not occur via η-allyl complex.

Model reactions for stereochemistry of Ziegler Natta polymerization: asymmetric hydroisomerization of α-olefins by chiral titanium tetraalkoxides/triisobutylaluminum catalytic systems

CARLINI, CARLO;CHIELLINI, EMO;SOLARO, ROBERTO
1980

Abstract

Homogeneous catalytic systems based on optically active low-molecular-weight and macromolecular titanium alcoholates and tri-isobutyl aluminum were used in the isomerization and hydrogenation of chiral and prochiral olefins. The reactions performed in a nitrogen and hydrogen atmosphere show a different behavior in regard to reaction rate, composition of reaction mixture, and stereochemical control. The catalyst based on macromolecular titanium alcoholate displays lower activity and a varying influence on the stereochemical pathway with respect to the catalysts based on low- molecular-weight alcoholates. The data obtained in both cases strongly support the absence of a stereocontrol by the growing chain in the stereoelective polymerization of racemic α-olefins by Ziegler-Natta catalysts based on optically active precursors. Finally evidence is provided in favor of the intermediate step responsible for asymmetric isomerization which does not occur via η-allyl complex.
Carlini, Carlo; Chiellini, Emo; Solaro, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/208887
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