Retrospective studies indicate that Candida metapsilosis and Candida orthopsilosis each represents 1-10% of the infections/colonisations attributed to C. parapsilosis by conventional biochemical tests. Little is known on the virulence properties of these fungi and on their role in the establishment/progression of the infection. In this study, the adhesive properties of clinical isolates belonging to the 'psilosis' species were assessed in an in vitro model of co-incubation with human buccal epithelial cells (HBECs). Ectophosphatase activity was also measured for all isolates, since the activity of this enzyme has previously been linked to adhesion properties in C. parapsilosis. The results indicate that whilst C. parapsilosis and C. orthopsilosis strains showed similar adhesion abilities, C. metapsilosis isolates displayed a significantly lower ability to adhere to HBECs (P<0.05). No evidence of a correlation between ectophosphatase activity and adhesion was observed, and this finding was also confirmed by phosphatase inhibition experiments. Experimental vaginal candidiasis induced in oestrogen-treated mice with representative isolates of the 3 species indicated that mice infected with C. metapsilosis displayed a reduced vaginal fungal burden, especially in the early stages of the infection. The overall findings confirm that C. orthopsilosis has a comparable behaviour to C. parapsilosis, whilst C. metapsilosis seems to possess a reduced virulence potential.

Comparison of Candida parapsilosis, Candida orthopsilosis, and Candida metapsilosis adhesive properties and pathogenicity

BERTINI, ALESSIA;HENSGENS, LAMBERTUS;SENESI, SONIA;TAVANTI, ARIANNA
Ultimo
2013

Abstract

Retrospective studies indicate that Candida metapsilosis and Candida orthopsilosis each represents 1-10% of the infections/colonisations attributed to C. parapsilosis by conventional biochemical tests. Little is known on the virulence properties of these fungi and on their role in the establishment/progression of the infection. In this study, the adhesive properties of clinical isolates belonging to the 'psilosis' species were assessed in an in vitro model of co-incubation with human buccal epithelial cells (HBECs). Ectophosphatase activity was also measured for all isolates, since the activity of this enzyme has previously been linked to adhesion properties in C. parapsilosis. The results indicate that whilst C. parapsilosis and C. orthopsilosis strains showed similar adhesion abilities, C. metapsilosis isolates displayed a significantly lower ability to adhere to HBECs (P<0.05). No evidence of a correlation between ectophosphatase activity and adhesion was observed, and this finding was also confirmed by phosphatase inhibition experiments. Experimental vaginal candidiasis induced in oestrogen-treated mice with representative isolates of the 3 species indicated that mice infected with C. metapsilosis displayed a reduced vaginal fungal burden, especially in the early stages of the infection. The overall findings confirm that C. orthopsilosis has a comparable behaviour to C. parapsilosis, whilst C. metapsilosis seems to possess a reduced virulence potential.
Bertini, Alessia; De Bernardis, F; Hensgens, Lambertus; Sandini, S; Senesi, Sonia; Tavanti, Arianna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/209167
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