The effects of growth hormone (GH) deficiency and recombinant human GH replacement (0.6 IU/kg per week) on bone and mineral metabolism in 26 GH-deficient children were studied for 12 months. Before therapy, all children had significantly reduced serum levels of osteocalcin, carboxyl-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, whereas serum ionized calcium, phosphate, intact parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were in the normal range. All children had significant reduction of bone density for their chronologic, statural, and bone ages. During therapy with recombinant human GH, a decrease of serum ionized calcium levels and increases of phosphate, osteocalcin, carboxyl-terminal propeptide of procollagen type 1, and intact serum levels of parathyroid hormone were found. A significant increase of serum levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D was found at 12 months. The urinary phosphate/urinary creatinine ratio decreased, whereas values for nephrogenous cyclic adenosine monophosphate and the ratio of the maximum rote of renal tubular reabsorption of phosphate to the glomerular filtration rate increased. Bone density significantly improved at 12 months, with a complete recovery in 12 children (46.2%). Significant relationships were found among growth velocity, bone density, maximum tubular reabsorption/glomerular filtration rate ratio, and serum levels of carboxyl-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen. The changes in serum levels of this propeptide during the first week of recombinant human GH treatment were positively related to growth velocity at 6 and 12 months and to bone density at 12 months of treatment, whereas the changes in osteocalcin levels were not. We conclude that recombinant human GH treatment caused significant modifications of mineral metabolism and significantly increased bone density, and that measurement of serum levels of the propeptide during the first week of recombinant human GH administration may be a useful tool in predicting improved growth velocity and bone density during long-term recombinant human GH replacement.
|Autori:||SAGGESE G; BARONCELLI GI; BERTELLONI S; CINQUANTA L; DINERO G|
|Titolo:||Effects of long-term treatment with growth-hormone on bone and mineral metabolism in children with growth-hormone deficiency|
|Anno del prodotto:||1993|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0022-3476(05)83484-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|