Because endogenous opioids have been considered to be deeply involved as a causal factor of hypothalamic amenorrhoea, this study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of the administration of naltrexone, an antagonist of opioid receptors, on luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in patients with hypothalamic amenorrhoea. A total of 30 patients with hypothalamic amenorrhoea were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: group A, hypogonadotrophic (n = 15), and group B, normogonadotrophic (n = 15). All patients were administered naltrexone at a dose of 50 mg/ day per os for 6 months. A third group of 10 amenorrhoeic patients was treated with placebo per os with the same schedule. All patients were evaluated for LH spontaneous pulsatile release in baseline conditions and after 3 and 6 months of treatment. Plasma gonadal steroid concentrations increased significantly in all patients after 3 months of naltrexone therapy, but only hypogonadotrophic patients showed a sharp increase in both LH plasma concentrations and LH pulse amplitude within the first 3 months of treatment which remained unchanged until the sixth month of treatment. Plasma follicle stimulating hormone concentrations did not change significantly in any patient. Menstrual bleeding occurred within 90 days of the beginning of treatment in 24 out of the 30 patients. Patients treated with placebo did not show a significant change in gonadotrophin and gonadal steroid plasma concentrations. The results of our study support the efficacy of naltrexone administration on neuroendocrine pathways controlling LH secretion in patients with hypothalamic amenorrhoea.

Naltrexone administration modulates the neuroendocrine control of luteinizing hormone secretion in hypothalamic amenorrhoea.

GENAZZANI, ANDREA;
1995

Abstract

Because endogenous opioids have been considered to be deeply involved as a causal factor of hypothalamic amenorrhoea, this study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of the administration of naltrexone, an antagonist of opioid receptors, on luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in patients with hypothalamic amenorrhoea. A total of 30 patients with hypothalamic amenorrhoea were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: group A, hypogonadotrophic (n = 15), and group B, normogonadotrophic (n = 15). All patients were administered naltrexone at a dose of 50 mg/ day per os for 6 months. A third group of 10 amenorrhoeic patients was treated with placebo per os with the same schedule. All patients were evaluated for LH spontaneous pulsatile release in baseline conditions and after 3 and 6 months of treatment. Plasma gonadal steroid concentrations increased significantly in all patients after 3 months of naltrexone therapy, but only hypogonadotrophic patients showed a sharp increase in both LH plasma concentrations and LH pulse amplitude within the first 3 months of treatment which remained unchanged until the sixth month of treatment. Plasma follicle stimulating hormone concentrations did not change significantly in any patient. Menstrual bleeding occurred within 90 days of the beginning of treatment in 24 out of the 30 patients. Patients treated with placebo did not show a significant change in gonadotrophin and gonadal steroid plasma concentrations. The results of our study support the efficacy of naltrexone administration on neuroendocrine pathways controlling LH secretion in patients with hypothalamic amenorrhoea.
Genazzani, Andrea; Gastaldi, M; Petraglia, F; Battaglia, C; Surico, N; Volpe, A; Genazzani, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/21278
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