The effects of the tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on the proliferation, protein kinase C activity (PKC), and c-fos gene expression were examined in cultures of young and senescent (90-95% lifespan completed) WI-38 human diploid fibroblasts. We observed that, following stimulation with medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), the translocation of PKC from the cytosol to the particulate compartment was less efficient in senescent WI-38 cells than in young cells. However, when PMA was added to the medium, the intracellular distribution of PKC activity in old cells became nearly identical to that observed in young cells. The inducibility of c-fos mRNA by serum addition, which is a protein kinase C-dependent event, was significantly amplified in the presence of PMA. Moreover, the duration of peak c-fos expression, after stimulation by FBS and PMA, increased in senescent cells as compared to young cells. Our results reveal that the normal signal transduction pathway is altered in senescent, slowly proliferating human fibroblasts and that it can be partially restored in the presence of the tumor promoter PMA.
|Autori:||DE TATA V; PTASZNIK A; CRISTOFALO VJ|
|Titolo:||Effect of the tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on proliferation of young and old WI-38 human dipoid fibroblasts|
|Anno del prodotto:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|