In the first part of the paper, we study the evolution of hot horizontal-branch models which miss the asymptotic branch (AGB) phase to produce ''low-mass'' white dwarfs (WDs) with masses of the order of 0.5 M.. One finds that for each given metallicity there exists a maximum value for the mass of the H-rich envelope allowing the models to approach the cooling phase without the onset of CNO H-burning flashes; the larger the metallicity, the lower the mass of such a ''critical envelope.'' Moreover, we find that above log L approximately 1 the cooling rate appears drastically affected by the previous evolutionary history, allowing a meaningful discussion of the cooling laws only below such a luminosity. The dependence of the cooling rates on the mass of the H-rich envelope is investigated for suitable assumptions about the value of this parameter, discussing the contribution of both CNO and p-p H burning to the evolution. The investigation has been further extended to stars with larger He cores, showing that the final cooling structures closely approach available evaluations of post-AGB CO dwarfs, as the result of a convergence toward ''canonical'' self-consistent WD structures. On this basis, we discuss the influence of WD masses on both the cooling rate and the H-R diagram location of the cooling sequence. The application of this theoretical scenario to the WD population in stellar clusters is finally discussed.
|Autori:||CASTELLANI V; DEGL'INNOCENTI S; ROMANIELLO M|
|Titolo:||COOLING WHITE-DWARFS IN GALACTIC GLOBULARS|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1086/173804|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|