Partial molar volumes at 298.15 K in 1—octanol have been determined for some hydrocarbons, ethers, ketones, and water from density measurements carried out with a vibrating-tube density meter. In the transfer process from the pure liquid state to the infinitely dilute solution in 1—octanol, a slight shrinkage is generally observed for solutes showing density values lower than that of the solvent. On the contrary, for solutes with higher density values, a weak expansion is produced. Comparisons are made among the partial molar volumes of organic solutes in 1—octanol, in water, and in other organic solvents. The case of water as a solute in 1—octanol and in many other organic liquids is carefully considered. In non-polar solvents the value of the limiting partial molar volume of water is always larger in respect to the value of the molar volume of pure water, but in polar solvents the contrary occurs. An explanation of this phenomenon is provided and a rationale is given to the value of the limiting partial molar volume of water in 1—octanol and to the trend exhibited by the partial molar volume of water in the 1—octanol/water mixture as water concentration is increased.

Limiting Partial Molar Volumes At 298.15-k of Some Open-chain and Cyclic Organic-compounds In 1-octanol

CABANI, SERGIO;MOLLICA, VINCENZO
1987

Abstract

Partial molar volumes at 298.15 K in 1—octanol have been determined for some hydrocarbons, ethers, ketones, and water from density measurements carried out with a vibrating-tube density meter. In the transfer process from the pure liquid state to the infinitely dilute solution in 1—octanol, a slight shrinkage is generally observed for solutes showing density values lower than that of the solvent. On the contrary, for solutes with higher density values, a weak expansion is produced. Comparisons are made among the partial molar volumes of organic solutes in 1—octanol, in water, and in other organic solvents. The case of water as a solute in 1—octanol and in many other organic liquids is carefully considered. In non-polar solvents the value of the limiting partial molar volume of water is always larger in respect to the value of the molar volume of pure water, but in polar solvents the contrary occurs. An explanation of this phenomenon is provided and a rationale is given to the value of the limiting partial molar volume of water in 1—octanol and to the trend exhibited by the partial molar volume of water in the 1—octanol/water mixture as water concentration is increased.
P., Berti; Cabani, Sergio; Mollica, Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/218131
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