The thermodynamic properties ΔG°h, ΔH°h, and ΔCp°h associated with the transfer of non-ionic organic compounds from gas to dilute aqueous solution and the limiting partial molar properties Cp°2 and V2° of these compounds in water are described through a simple scheme of group contributions. A distinction is made between groups made only of carbon and hydrogen, and functional groups i.e. groups containing at least one atom different from carbon and hydrogen. Each group is assigned a contribution, for each property, through a least squares procedure which utilizes only molecules containing at most one functional group. Finally, for compounds containing more than one functional group, correction parameters are evaluated as the differences between the experimental values and those calculated by means of the group contributions. The different behavior of hydrophilic compared with hydrophobic groups is discussed for the various properties. A rationale for the correction parameters, i.e. for the effects of the interactions among hydrophilic groups on the thermodynamic properties, is attempted.

Group Contributions To the Thermodynamic Properties of Non-ionic Organic Solutes In Dilute Aqueous-solution

CABANI, SERGIO;GIANNI, PAOLO ANGELO;MOLLICA, VINCENZO;
1981

Abstract

The thermodynamic properties ΔG°h, ΔH°h, and ΔCp°h associated with the transfer of non-ionic organic compounds from gas to dilute aqueous solution and the limiting partial molar properties Cp°2 and V2° of these compounds in water are described through a simple scheme of group contributions. A distinction is made between groups made only of carbon and hydrogen, and functional groups i.e. groups containing at least one atom different from carbon and hydrogen. Each group is assigned a contribution, for each property, through a least squares procedure which utilizes only molecules containing at most one functional group. Finally, for compounds containing more than one functional group, correction parameters are evaluated as the differences between the experimental values and those calculated by means of the group contributions. The different behavior of hydrophilic compared with hydrophobic groups is discussed for the various properties. A rationale for the correction parameters, i.e. for the effects of the interactions among hydrophilic groups on the thermodynamic properties, is attempted.
Cabani, Sergio; Gianni, PAOLO ANGELO; Mollica, Vincenzo; L., Lepori
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/218137
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