Objective: To examine the effects of two immunosuppressant regimens on composition of the bowel flora and rate of translocation after transplantation of the small bowel in pigs. Design: Randomised controlled study. Setting: University hospital, Italy. Material: 35 female Large White pigs. Interventions: 9 Animals were not operated on (normal controls). 19 Animals underwent total orthotopic small bowel allotransplantation and were then randomised to receive: group A (n = 8) cyclosporin A 25 mg/kg subcutaneously and cephazalin 2 g intramuscularly daily; group B (n = 6) 15-deoxyspergualin (15-dos) 3 mg/kg for 7 days then 1.5 mg/kg, cephazolin 2 g intramuscularly daily for 4 days then selective intestinal decontamination with colistin 1.5 million U, tobramycin 100 mg, vancomycin 1 g, and nystatin 500000 U daily; and group C (n = 5) cephazolin 2 g intramuscularly daily for 8 days. A further group (D, n = 7) underwent orthotopic autotransplantation and received the same antibiotic and selective decontamination regimens as group B. Animals in group C were killed on day 8, and the rest on day 29. Main outcome measures: Signs of rejection, graft versus host disease, luminal overgrowth, and evidence of translocation to mesenteric lymph nodes. Results: All animals in group C, and 2 in group B, showed signs of acute rejection. There was a significant overgrowth of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in all 3 groups after allotransplantation compared with normal controls. Bacterial translocation was similar in autografted and allotransplanted animals. Mesenteric lymph nodes were colonised in 4/9 controls, 7/8 in group A, 4/4 in group B, 5/5 in group C, and 7/7 in group D. Conclusion: Neither cyclosporin A nor 15-dos prevented luminal overgrowth or bacterial translocation to mesenteric nodes up to one month after operation. The rate of translocation was similar in autotransplantation and allotransplantation, suggesting that non-immunological factors (for example, denervation and interruption of lymphatics) may have a role in these alterations.
|Autori:||BIFFI R; PRIVITERA G; ANDREONI B; MATINATO C; POZZI S; MARZONA L; DANZA M; DERAI P; TIBERIO G|
|Titolo:||LUMINAL BACTERIAL OVERGROWTH AND INTESTINAL TRANSLOCATION IN PIGS GIVEN EITHER CYCLOSPORINE-A OR 15-DEOXYSPERGUALIN AFTER SMALL-BOWEL TRANSPLANTATION|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|