OBJECTIVE: In case series concerning the role of EEG after sleep deprivation (SD-EEG) in epilepsy, patients' features and protocols vary dramatically from one report to another. In this study, we assessed the usefulness of a simple SD-EEG method in well characterized patients. METHODS: Among the 963 adult subjects submitted to SD-EEG at our Center, in the period 2003-2010, we retrospectively selected for analysis only those: (1) evaluated for suspected epileptic seizures; (2) with a normal/non-specific baseline EEG; (3) still drug-free at the time of SD-EEG; (4) with an MRI analysis; (5) with at least 1year follow-up. SD-EEG consisted in SD from 2:00 AM and laboratory EEG from 8:00 AM to 10:30 AM. We analyzed epileptic interictal abnormalities (IIAs) and their correlations with patients' features. RESULTS: Epilepsy was confirmed in 131 patients. SD-EEG showed IIAs in 41.2% of all patients with epilepsy, and a 91.1% specificity for epilepsy diagnosis; IIAs types observed during SD-EEG are different in generalized versus focal epilepsies; for focal epilepsies, the IIAs yield in SD-EEG is higher than in second routine EEG. CONCLUSIONS: This simple SD-EEG protocol is very useful in de novo patients with suspected seizures. SIGNIFICANCE: This study sheds new light on the role of SD-EEG in specific epilepsy populations.
|Autori:||Giorgi, Fs; Perini, Daria; Maestri, Michelangelo; Guida, Melania; Pizzanelli, C; Caserta, Anna; Iudice, Alfonso; Bonanni, Enrica|
|Titolo:||Usefulness of a simple sleep-deprived EEG protocol for epilepsy diagnosis in de novo subjects.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.clinph.2013.04.342|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|